Current Affairs 2nd Class

Use of Sounds   In Class-1, you have learnt about various sounds. Similarly, we can build any number of words using different sounds. For example:   Using Sounds of A:  
A \[\to \]      All       Mall           Ball
  Ant      Apple
  Mare    Hare           Baby
              Using Sounds of E:  
E \[\to \] Pet
  We     He
Noun   A noun is the name of a person, place, animal or a thing. For example: Molly, America, ball, toys, etc. Some nouns begin with capital letters. For example: India, Eiffel Tower, Alex, Robert, etc. Some nouns do not begin with capital letters. For example: toffee, book, telephone, pencil, etc.   Singular noun- It names one person, place, thing, or idea.   Plural noun- It names more than one person, place, thing, or idea. Most singular nouns need an ?s? V at the end to become plural.   Noun Gender:   Masculine or Male- Some nouns are used for males. For example: Boy, king, prince, etc.   Feminine or Female- Some nouns are used for females. For example: Girl, queen, princess, etc.   Common Gender- Some nouns are used for both males and females. For example: teacher, student, children, etc.   Neuter Gender- Some nouns are neither male/masculine nor female/feminine. For     example: Book, pencil, folder, etc.  
  •                          Example 1
            Now, let us try to identify nouns in the following questions and then tick the correct options. 1.               (a) Book                                      (b) Table (c) Fan                                       (d) All of these (e) None of these more...

Pronoun                 Hello! My name is Olivia. This is my puppy. My puppy is called Tom. I love it very much. I love to play with it. My mother takes care of Tom very well. She gives it good food. Tom will grow up soon. In a sentence we cannot use a noun many times. We can use pronouns. Pronouns are used in place of nouns. Personal pronouns- Some pronouns are used for persons. For example: She, he, they, we, etc. Demonstrative pronouns- Some pronouns are used to point out to objects. For example: This, that, these, those, etc. Let us try to understand pronouns better with the help of the following example.  
  •                           Example 1
Read the following sentences. Try to identify the pronouns in them and then tick the correct options.   1.            Alan is playing with his little sister. (a) Alan                         (b) His (c) Little                          (d) Sister (e) None of these   2.            This book is mine. (a) This                          (b) Book (c) Mine                         (d) Both (a) and (c) (e) None of these   3.            Charlie hurt his leg. (a) Charlie                        (b) Hurt (c) His                          (d) Leg (e) None of these   4.            She is my teacher. (a) She                          (b) Teacher (c) My                           more...

Verb   A verb is a word which tells about an action. A verb tells us what a person, animal, or a thing does. Verbs are very important. We cannot make sentences without verbs. Let us read the following story to understand verbs better. One fine morning, Ella was going to school. She saw a beautiful butterfly. Ella chased the butterfly but it flew away. She became sad. In the afternoon, Ella came back home. She looked out of the window and saw the butterfly again. Ella became very happy The words: going, saw, chased, flew, became, came, looked, and saw are verbs.

Articles   Articles tell us about nouns. There are three articles in English: a, an, and the.     1.            A- The article 'a' is used with nouns which are one in number and begin with a consonant. For example: a book, a pencil, a dog, etc.     2.            An- The article 'an' is used with nouns which are one in number and begin with a vowel. For example: an aeroplane, an apple, an egg, etc. The articles ?a? and 'an' are used with countable nouns.     3.            The- The article 'the' is used with things which are uncountable. For example: the water, the air, the juice, etc. It is also used with particular things. For example:  the Taj Mahal, the Eiffel Tower, the moon, the sun, etc. 'The' is also used when we talk about something again. For example: George bought an apple. George ate the apple.     

Singular/Plural   A noun that denotes one person, place, animal, or thing is called singular noun. For example: doctor, fan, glass, box, bottle, etc.   A noun that denotes more than one person place animal, or thing is called plural noun. For example: balls, pens, books, toffees, keys, etc. However, some nouns exist only in plural forms. For example: jeans, scissors, tongs, etc.      
Plurals are formed by joining
            Singular                                   Plural
              Class                                      Classes
              Echo                                      Echoes
              Branch                                   Branches
              Box                                       Boxes
              Watch                                    watches
             Buffalo                                    Buffaloes
             Hero                                       Heroes
Some nouns ending in 'y' take '-ies' to form the plurals.
           Singular                         Plural more...
Preposition             A preposition is a word that is placed before a noun or a pronoun to show its relation with other noun or pronoun in a sentence.                    

Antonyms and Synonyms   The words which mean the opposite of each other are called antonyms.            
Look at the following words and their antonyms.
            Word                             Antonym
            Before                           After
            Agree                            Disagree
            Begin                            End
            Least                             Most
      The words which have same meanings are called synonyms of each other.  
Look at the following words and their antonyms.
Word                             Synonym
Before                           Ago
Hard                             Difficult
True                              Correct
More                             Extra

Formation of Short Sentences From Jumbled Words     A sentence is a group of words. It is meaningful. Some sentences have verbs in them. For example: I was sleeping.     Some sentences do not have verbs in them. For example: What a beautiful dress!     In a sentence, words are put in the correct order. For example: My name is Timmy     When the words are not in the correct order, then  the sentence becomes jumbled. For example: Timmy name my is.

Comprehensions Based on General Topics   Introduction: In a reading comprehensions, a passage is given. You are to read the passage carefully and answer the questions based on it. Some examples are given below for your clear understanding.                   
  •                          Example 1
            Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: Proust was a famous French novelist. As a child he was very attached to his mother and ardently waited for her kiss before going to bed. He was especially fond of the cake baked by his aunt, Madeline. He believed time to be the most cruel and responsible for snatching away all the precious moments. He wrote a book under the title ?In Search of Lost Time' in seven volumes.   1.            Proust believed _______ to be cruel.             (a) aunt                         (b) time             (c) asthma                        (d) books             (e) None of these   2.            Proust was a _______ novelist.             (a) Spanish                      (b) German             (c) French                      (d) English             (e) None of these   3.            Madeline baked:             (a) Bread                        (b) Burger             (c) Cake                        (d) Biscuit             (e) None of these   4.            Proust was attached to:             (a) His mother                    (b) His aunt             (c) Time                        (d) Madeline             (e) None of these  
  •            more...

You need to login to perform this action.
You will be redirected in 3 sec spinner