Living and Non-Living Things
There are certain characteristics of living things, which are as follows:
Characteristics of Living Things
Living things can feel
Living things on our earth can feel. If you throw a stone at a cat, it runs away. Because it feels pain when gets hurt by a stone. The animals not only feel pain but also the other sensations like hot and cold.
For example, when we touch a hot plate, we pull off our hand. Because we feel hot
Similarly if we touch ice, we feel cold. In other words, we can distinguish the things as hot or cold by just touching them.
A hot cup of tea A cold ice cream
Living things can move
Living things on earth, except plants, can move. But the way in which these animals move from one place to another is totally different from each other. For example, dog use their four legs for moving from one place to another.
Dog, cat, elephant, lion and most of the land animals use their four legs (front two legs are called forelimbs and other two legs are called hind limbs) for moving from one place to another.
Fishes and other aquatic animals move from one place to another by swimming. The special structured body of different aquatic animals help them to move in water.
Living things can breathe
All living beings can breathe. But again, the way to breathe in air is different in different living beings. For example, human beings breathe through nose, fishes breathe through their gills, cockroaches have spiracles and many other living beings have different organs to breathe.
The pictures given herewith will give you an idea about the different ways of breathing of different living beings.
Human Breathe through nose Breathe through moist skin
Breathe through spiracle Breathe through gills
All these livings beings, except plants, take in oxygen while breathing, and exhale out carbon dioxide.
Living things give birth to their own kind
All living beings give birth to their own kind this process is called reproduction. In other words, life produces life. But the way of doing this is different and vary from one living being to another. Some animals lay more...