Living and Non - living Things Around Us
Living things are those which can move, feel and breathe. There are certain characteristics of living things, which are as follows:
Characteristics of Living Things
Living things can feel
All the known living things on our earth can feel. If you throw a stone at a dog, it runs away. Because, it feels pain when gets hurt by a stone. The animals not only feel pain
But also the other sensations like hot and cold. For example, when we touch a hot plate, we pull off our hand as quickly as possible. Because we feel hot. Similarly if we touch ice, we feel cold. In other words, we can distinguish the things as hot or cold by just touching them.
A hot cup of tea A cold ice cream
Living things can move
All living beings on earth, except plants, can move. But the way in which these animals move from one place to another is totally different from each other. For example, human beings use their two legs for moving from one place to another.
Dog, cat, elephant, lion and most of the land animals use their four legs (front two legs are called forelimbs and other two legs are called hind limbs) for moving from one place to another.
Fishes and other aquatic animals move from one place to another by swimming. The specially structured body of different aquatic animals help them to move in water.
Interestingly the most important member of the family of living beings, i.e., the plants cannot move. They cannot migrate from one place to another like other animals, on their own.
Living things can breathe
All living beings can breathe. But again, the way to breathe in air is different in different living beings. For example, human beings breathe through nose, fishes breathe through their gills, cockroaches have spiracles and more...