# Current Affairs 2nd Class

#### Our, Surroundings

Our Surroundings   Neighbourhood We live in a house with our parents. Near our house, there are many houses. We call them neighbours. Neighbours help each other. They celebrate festivals together. All these houses together make our neighbourhood. In a neighbourhood, there are many services.   Post Office The place where we post letters is called post office. Postman takes all letters to the post office, from where they are delivered to the required places.   Post Office       Bank Bank is the place where we deposit money and can take it out when required. We can make use of ATM to withdraw money. An ATM is an automatic machine that allows People to take out money any time and from anywhere.   Bank   Police Station Police provide protection to the public. They are always there for our safety. Traffic policeman is the person who handles traffic.   Police Station     Fire Station We call firemen when a building catches fires. They helps us in putting out the fire.   Fire Station   Hospital We visit hospital when we are sick/ill. In hospitals doctors prescribe the necessary medicines for our illness.   Hospital   Market It is a place from where we can buy necessary things for our daily needs. There are many shops in a market.   Market   Railway Station This is a place from where we board trains. Before boarding trains, we have to book our tickets. Trains are fast and low cost means of transport which are used to go to distant places.   Railway Station   School School is a place where we learn to write, read, sing, dance, also to respect, obey and love teachers. We also learn good habits and good manners in school.   School   People Who Help Us In our neighbourhood, people do various kinds of works.                                               more...

Good and Bad Habits and Safety Rules   Habit A habit is a manner that is repeated regularly. Habits can be cultivated easily however we should be careful about our habits because it is difficult to change a habit once it is acquired. Fitness and keeping healthy is very important for all of us. Some good habits are given below to keep ourself healthy and fit.
• We should cover our mouth while sneezing, coughing or yawing.
• Eat from a clean plate.
• We should not eat our nails.
• We should throw waste into the dustbin.
• We should drink from a clean glass.
• We should not spit on the floor or on the road.
• We should keep our things in their proper place after using them.

#### Mental, Aptitude

Mental Aptitude   Introduction In mental aptitude, there are questions in which you have to think about the question in a logical way. The questions of mental aptitude may be based on numbering of alphabets, completing the patterns of drawings or shapes, finding the missing figures or finding the number patterns. There is a certain relationship between the things given in the patterns. You can easily answer such type of questions by observing that relationship given in the questions.   Number Series In these problems, numbers given in the series follow a certain pattern and we have to find that certain pattern to write next number of the series.   Observe the following number pattern: 12, 23, 34, 45, ___ In the above number series, each successive number is 11 greater than the preceding number. So next number of the series will be 45 + 11 = 56   Ø    Example:   Fill in the blank by observing the given pattern. 5, 45, 85, ___, 165. (a) 125                         (b) 120 (c) 135                         (d) All the above (e) None of these Answer (a)   Explanation: Numbers are arranged at a gap of 40.   Analysing Patterns   Look at the following images:   Which figure will come in place of blank? (a)              (b) (c)                (d) All the above (e) None of these Answer (c)   Explanation:             Every image in the given figures rotates clock wise by following the pattern. Hence, the image at the blank space will be.     Ø    Example:   Observe the following pattern and fill in the blank:   (a)                                   (b) (c)                                  (d) All the above (e) None of these Answer (b)   Explanation: more...

#### Living and Non - living Things Around Us

Living and Non - living Things Around Us   Living Things   Living things are those which can move, feel and breathe. There are certain characteristics of living things, which are as follows:   Characteristics of Living Things   Living things can feel   All the known living things on our earth can feel. If you throw a stone at a dog, it runs away. Because, it feels pain when gets hurt by a stone. The animals not only feel pain But also the other sensations like hot and cold. For example, when we touch a hot plate, we pull off our hand as quickly as possible. Because we feel hot. Similarly if we touch ice, we feel cold. In other words, we can distinguish the things as hot or cold by just touching them.                                    A hot cup of tea                               A cold ice cream   Living things can move   All living beings on earth, except plants, can move. But the way in which these animals move from one place to another is totally different from each other. For example, human beings use their two legs for moving from one place to another.   Human   Dog, cat, elephant, lion and most of the land animals use their four legs (front two legs are called forelimbs and other two legs are called hind limbs) for moving from one place to another.                         Deer                                         Fox                         Giraffe                                                 Zebra                 Fishes and other aquatic animals move from one place to another by swimming. The specially structured body of different aquatic animals help them to move in water.                          Dolphin                                    Shark   Interestingly the most important member of the family of living beings, i.e., the plants cannot move. They cannot migrate from one place to another like other animals, on their own.   Living things can breathe   All living beings can breathe. But again, the way to breathe in air is different in different living beings. For example, human beings breathe through nose, fishes breathe through their gills, cockroaches have spiracles and more...

#### Plant and Animals

Plant and Animals   Plants Plants are the living things which can make their own food and cannot move. Plants Grow in the soil. They need water, air, and sunlight for preparing their food.   Classification of Plants on the Basis of Their Length Plants are divided into the following categories:   Trees Trees are big plants. They have hard and strong stems. For example, banyan and mango tree.                                  Banyan tree                                                      Mango tree Shrubs Shrubs are small plants. They have many hard branches which grow close to the ground. For example, rose and hibiscus plant.                 Rose                            hibiscus plant   Herbs Herbs are very small plants. They have soft stems. For example, mint, basil.                                                                     Mini                                                     Basil Plant Climbers Climbers are the plants with weak stems. They need some support to stand straight. For example, grapevine and pea plant.                          Grapevine Plant                                   Pea Plant Creepers Creepers are the plants which have week stem and grow along the ground.                               Pumpkin plant                                     watermelon plant     Classification of Plants on the Basis of Their Location Plants grow in different places. On the basis of where they grow, plants are divided into following categories:   Water Plants   There are some plants that grow in water only. They have usually big leaves that float on water. For example, lotus and water lily.                               Lotus plant                                                       Water lily plant   Desert plants   There are some plants that grow in deserts. For example, cactus. Cactus grows in hot places. It has thorns.                                           more...

#### Identification of Great Personalities

Identification of Great Personalities   Look at the following images. These are some of the famous people of the world.   1.                  2.                  3.                  4.                5.                  6.                  7.                  8.                  9.

#### Identification of Characters

Identification of Characters   Look at the following images. These are some of the famous cartoon characters.   1.                  2.                  3.                  4.              5.                  6.                  7.                  8.                  9.

#### Identification of Monuments/ Things

Identification of Monuments/Things   Identification of Monuments A monument is a famous building, status, or other structure which is built to remind of a famous person or an event. A monument has special importance in the history. The following are some important places and monuments.                           Identification of Things In our daily lives we come across many things, animals, fruits, vegetables, flowers, plants, etc. Let us take a look at some of these in each category.   Furniture: Table, chair, bed, office table, drawer, cupboard, sofa   Fruits: Lychee, guava, berry, date, loquat, banana, pineapple   Vegetables: Garlic, cabbage, gourd, ginger, spinach, tomato, corn, bean   Colours: Black, golden, grey, pink, purple, orange, yellow   Animals: Antelope, boar, hyena, stag, wolf, squirrel, yak, kangaroo   Birds: Dove, crow, heron, hawk, kite, quail, raven, peahen   Tools: Axe, anchor, drill, chisel, saw, axis, balance, anvil   Eatables: Almond, broccoli, cheese, cereal, kiwi, eggs

#### Word Formation from Jumbled Letters

Word Formation from Jumbled Letters             To make a meaningful word from jumbled letters, we have to arrange them in a particular order. For that we have to understand the given hint. Some examples are given below for your clear understanding.
•                   Examples
1.            It is a medium of communication. O M T E R C P U $\to$ COMPUTER   2.            It makes the environment green and gives us oxygen. E R E T $\to$ TREE   3.            It makes a plant colorful. F E W L R O $\to$ FLOWER   Let us try to make some meaningful words when no hint is given to us.   4.            UNHBC $\to$ BUNCH 5.            EOSCL $\to$ CLOSE 6.            AREF $\to$ FARE 7.            UNSYAD $\to$ SUNDAY 8.            CAMRH $\to$ MARCH

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