1st flower  2nd flower  3rd flower  4th flower  5th flower 
Pink  White  Pink  White  Pink 
Lengths  Weights  Money  Time  
How to compare the lengths of given objects?  How to compare the weights of given object?  1 Rupee = 100 Paise  Number of days in a week = 7  
1 paisa = 1/100 Rupee  
? If objects are straight then measure them by ruler of tape. ? If objects are curved, then the object having the maximum curves is the longest and object having the minimum curves is the shortest.  Use weighing scale to identify the weight of objects and categorise them from the heaviest or the heaviest to the lightest.  Number of months in a year = 12  
1 hour = 60 minutes  
1 minute = 1 / 60 more...
Shapes and Their Names
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How to find the odd term amongst the given terms?
In analogy, pair of figures are given on each side of: There is a certain relationship between each pair. The student has to identify the relation of the given pair and find the missing figure.
EXAMPLE
Direction (III): There is a certain relationship between the pair of figures given on either side of :: Identify the relationship of the given pair and find the missing figure.
I.
(a) (b) (c) (d)
Explanation (a): First we will discuss the relation between the pair of figures on the left of :
Inner element of first figure becomes outer element of second figure and outer element of first figure becomes inner element of second figure of the pair.
Elements on the edges of outer figure in first disappear in second figure.
II.
(a) (b) (c) (d)
Explanation (c):
First we discuss about the relation between the left pair.
Outer most shape of first figure becomes inner most of second figure, middle is stable, inner most of first figure becomes outer most of second figures.
EXAMPLE
Direction (12): Observe the given figure carefully and answer the given question.
1. Teddy__________ is to the immediate left of fourth teddy.
(a) P (b) T (c) R (d) S
Explanation (c):
W is last and eighth teddy.
So, s is fourth teddy.
Hence R is immediate left of fourth teddy.
2. Teddy ________ is immediate right of T.
(a) R (b) S (c) U (d) V
Explanation (c):
U is immediate right of T.
Type I  In these type of questions, the candidate is required to analyze the given set of figures, numbers and classify them into groups.
Type II  Identify the group of given figures.
Type III  Finding the number of groups of 2's, 3's, 4's, ....... could be formed from the given objects.
Embedded Figures
A figure (X) is said to be embedded in a figure (Y), if figure (Y) contains figure (X) as its part.
Type I:
Identify the small part hidden in the given figure.
In such types of problems, a figure (X) is given, followed by four parts.
One of them is embedded in figure (X).
Candidate has to identify such part.
Type II:
Identify the figure in which the given part is hidden.
In such type of problems a figure (X) is given followed by four complex figures in such a way figure (X) is embedded in one and only one of them.
The candidate has to select such figure in which figure (X) is embedded.
EXAMPLE
1. How many groups of 2?s can be formed?
(a) 20 (b) 10 (c) 40 (d) 30
Explanation (a):
Total 20 groups can be formed from given images.
2. In which group the given shape belongs?
(a) P only (b) Q only (c) Both P and Q (d) P, Q and R
Explanation (d):
Shape is a triangle and groups P, Q and R are having it.
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How to decode the questions given in coded language?
In this type of questions, some particular words are assigned certain substituted names.
Then a question is asked, that is to be answered in the substituted code language.
EXAMPLE
1. If "house" is called 'kennel', 'kennel' is called 'hole', "hole" is called 'nest', then in which place do dogs live?
(a) house (b) hole
(c) nest (d) kennel
Explanation (b): Dogs live in kennel, but kennel is called hole.
2. If "purple" is called 'white', 'white' is called 'green', 'green' is called 'blue', then which colour is on the last strip of Indian flag?
(a) purple (b) white
(c) green (d) blue
Explanation (d): Last strip is of green colour and green is called blue.
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