Current Affairs 2nd Class

Our Country: India Interesting facts
  •          India is the world's largest, oldest and continuous civilization.
  •          Lotus temple is probably the first crafted structure in Delhi.
  •         Feroz Shah Kotla is the 2nd oldest international cricket stadium.
 India is the most beautiful country in the world. There are many famous places in India and Delhi is the capital of India. There are 4 metro cities in India. Let us study about them;  1.            Delhi: Delhi is one of the 4 metro cities of India.
  •            Famous festivals: Lohri, Diwali
  •             Famous dance : Bhangra
  •            Famous food : Chole Bhature, Biryani
  •             Clothes: Men-Pajama with Kurta; Women- Salwar Kameez
    Do you Know?
  •          Mumbai got its name from a popular goddess temple Mumba Devi Mandir.
  •          Mumbai is the hub of hindi film industry in India.
  •       more...

World Overview  Interesting Facts
  •          The blue .wheel in India's flag has 24 spokes which represent the 24 hours of the day.
  •          The red circle of Bangladesh's flag represent the lushness and blood of those who died for independence.
  •          The popular nickname for USA's flag is Betsy Ross kept after the name of woman that made the first flag.
  •          The flag of UK is actually made up of the three flags of England, Scotland and Ireland.
S. no. Country Flag
1. Australia
2. Bangladesh
3. more...
Our Universe Interesting fact
  •           There are more stars in the universe than grains of sand on all the beaches on earth.
    Universe: The universe is everything we can touch, feel, sense, measure or detect. It includes living things, planets, stars, light, clouds, etc.   Solar system: The solar system includes the Sun, the Earth and all of the other planets that go around the Sun. There are eight planets in our solar system and one dwarf planet.                 Sun: The Sun about 5 billion years old, is our nearest star, made up of extremely hot gases. Sunlight takes 8 minutes to reach the Earth's surface. Do you know?
  •           Same planets like Earth are made of rocks and some like Jupiter are made of gas.
  Planets 1.            Mercury: It is the smallest and closest planet to the Sun.              2.            Venus: It is the second closest planet to the Sun, known as the evening as well as morning star. It is the hottest planet.   3.            Earth: It is the third planet. Life is possible only on this planet because it has air and water and it is neither too hot nor too cold.   4.            Mars: It is the fourth planet and known as the Red planet because of presence of iron minerals.   5.            Jupiter; It is the largest planet of the solar system.   6.            Saturn; It is the second largest planet of the solar system and is surrounded by ring-like structures. more...

Sports and Entertainment  Do you know?
  •           Playing outside brings together informal play and formal learning and stimulates creativity.   
  •           The original design of the world popular board game 'Monopoly' was circular.
  •           We play games to keep ourselves fit and also to pass our time.
  •            Playing with friends, brothers and sisters is great fun.
  •           While playing, we easily learn a lot from each other.
  Indoor games: 6ames which we can play under covered area are known as indoor games.   Outdoor games: Games which we play at open and specific playground are outdoor games.   Interesting fact
  •           Cricket is the national game of England.
Do you know?
  •           Eden Gardens is regarded as be the largest stadium of India.
  •           Feroz Shah Kotla stadium is   the   second   oldest international stadium.
  Number of Players in each Team of some Famous Games  
S. No. more...
Books and Authors Do you know?
  •           'A la recherche du temps perdu" is the longest book in the world.
  •          "The Story of My My Experiments with Truth" book is about Mahatma Gandhi and his journey.      
  SOME FAMOUS BOOKS AND THEIR AUTHORS 1.            The Jungle Book - Rudyard Kipling 2.            Gajapati Kulapati - Ashok Rajagopalan 3.            Adventures of the Wishing Chair - Enid BIyton 4.            A Midsummer Night's bream - Shakespeare 5.            Arthashastra - Kautilya 6.            Harry Potter - JK Rowling 7.            Anand Math - Bankim Chandra Chatterjee 8.            I am Malala - Malala Yosufzai and Christina Lamb 9.            Playing it My Way - Sachin Tendulkar 10.          Runs in Ruins - Sunil Gavaskar 11.          anchtantra - Vishnu Sharma 12.          Godan - Premchand 13.          Making India Awesome - Chetan Bhagat 14.          Indian Parliamentary biplomacy - Meira Kumar 15.          Akbarnama - Abul Fazal 16.          Broken Wings - Sarojini Naidu 17.          Bunch of Old Letters - Jawaharlal Nehru 18.          Conquest of Self - Mahatma Gandhi 19.          It is Always Possible - Kiran Bedi 20.          Midnight's Children - Salmon Rushdie

Our Body   Our Body Our body is a living machine. It consists of organs which can be divided into:   (i) External organ (ii) Internal organ   External Organs The parts of our body that we can see are called external organs. Some of our external organs are head, arms, legs, ears and nose.   Internal Organs The parts that are inside our body that we cannot see are called internal organs. Examples of Internal organs are brain, heart, lungs, stomach, etc. Some important internal organs are as follows: Brain: It helps us to think and work. Heart: Heart beats. It pumps blood to all parts of the body. Stethoscope is used by doctors to listen to the heart beat. Lungs: We have two lungs. They help us to breathe. Stomach: It looks like a bag. The food we eat goes to stomach. Our Sense Organs   Sense organs are those organs through which we get the feeling of our surroundings. We have five sense organs which are as follows:   Eyes: Eyes help us to see.       Eye   Nose: Nose helps us to smell,  Nose   Ears: Ears help us to hear. Ears   Tongue: Tongue helps us to taste.  Tongue   Skin: Skin helps us to sense hot and cold. It is the largest organ of our body. Skin   The Skeleton   (i) The framework of bones which gives shape and support to our body is called the skeleton. (ii)There are 206 bones in a human body. (iii) Our bones are covered with muscles. (iv)The place where two or more bones are joined together is called a joint.

Food We Eat   All living beings need food. Food gives energy to do various works. We take different food items in our meal. For example, vegetables, fruits, meat, pulses, egg, milk, cereals, etc. Related image                Image result for mango          Apple                                       Mango                         Chapati            Image result for tomato png           Potato                                      tomato                         Cucumber Image result for green bean png        Image result for carrot      Green beans                            Carrot                          Onion                      Image result for eggs png Milk                              Salad                           Egg   Sources of Food   All these food items you have seen above comes from two major sources: (i) Plants (ii) Animals Both plants and animals are useful to us as they provide many of our food items. A table given below shows some food items obtained from plants and animals.  
Food item obtained from plants Food item obtained from animals
Vegetables Milk
Fruits Meat
Clothes We Wear     We wear clothes to protect ourselves from heat, cold and dust. In the previous class you have learnt about the various types of clothes like shirt, trouser, sweater, etc. We wear different types of clothes at different times and in different seasons. We wear cotton clothes in summer. We wear woollen clothes in winter. We wear raincoat during rainy seasons. We wear uniform in school. We wear formal dress when we go to a party or attend any function.   Sources of Clothes We obtain clothes from both plants and animals.   Clothes obtained from animals We get the following types of clothes from animals: (i) Silk (ii) Wool   Silk We get silk from silkworm. Silkworm is a type of insect. They feed on mulberry leaves. They give out a long, sticky thread from their mouth. These thread are wrapped around their body and become their home, known as cocoon. The threads of cocoon are collected, processed and then woven to make silk.     Related image Silk clothes   Wool Sheep gives us wool. The thick hair that grows on the body of a sheep is collected, then cleaned and made into woollen threads. Wool is used to knit sweaters, caps, shawls, etc. It keeps us warm during winter.                                 Sweater                       Whool   Clothes obtained from plants We get the following types of clothes from plants. (i) Cotton (ii) Jute   Cotton Cotton clothes are made from cotton plants. Cotton grows in pods. The pods are picked and thread is made from the cotton. Making thread from cotton is known as spinning. Weaving is the process of making clothes from thread.   Cotton Clothes   Jute Jute is one of the cheapest natural fibre, which is used for making things for our regular use. For example, rope, bag, mat, etc. are made up of jute fibres. Jute fibres are pale yellow in colour and are quite strong. They have a silky lustre and are also used in making clothes.                  Care of Clothes
  • Naphthalene balls and dried leaves of neem keep insects away from the clothes.
  • Clothes should be properly rinsed in water and regularly washed.
  • Cotton clothes are washed with soap and water.
  • Silk and woollen clothes need dry cleaning.

Water, Air, Weather and Seasons   Air and water are all around us. We cannot see air but can feel it when it is moving. All living beings need air and water to live and grow.   Related image            Image result for water plants Water animals                                     Water plants   Water More than two third of the earth is covered with water. Water is found in rivers, lakes, oceans, seas, etc. These are called water bodies. Most of the water on the earth is salt water. Salt water is filled with salt and we cannot drink it. We need fresh water to drink, which is only a very little portion of all the available water on earth. Again, of the available fresh water, a major portion is glacier ice, at the north and south Poles. It is too far away from where most of the people live. Therefore, we cannot use it.   Uses of water
  • Drinking
  • Washing
  • Bathing
  • Transportation
  • Heating and cooling
  • In industry and for many other purposes.
  Air Air is all around us. We cannot see it. But we can feel it. Moving air is called wind. A gentle wind is called breeze. When wind blows very fast, it is called storm.   Related image Wind is blowing     Air is very necessary for all of us to live. We take in air when we breathe. But the air we breathe must be clean and fresh. Unclean air makes us sick. We get fresh air from trees and plants. Now-a-days air in cities and town has become polluted because of too many vehicles and fewer trees.   Weather Our earth is surrounded by air. Sometimes this air becomes cold, sometimes hot. Sometimes we have rain, sometimes it is neither too hot nor too cold. This condition of a place, at any given time, is called weather.                      Related image                     Related image Flowers                                                                        Snow                                             Related image Rain                                                     Sunny day     Weather is not same all through the year. It keeps changing from time to time.   Seasons There are 12 months in a year. Some months are hot, some are cold. Some months are rainy. These changes are called seasons. There are mainly four more...

Our Universe   All heavenly bodies like sun, moon, earth comes in our universe.   Our Solar System Our solar system consists of sun, eight planets and their satellites. Sun is at the centre of the solar system and all the eight planets revolve around the sun.   Related image   v    Sun is the biggest and hottest body in our solar system. It is a hot ball of gases. It has its own light.   Image result for SUN   v    Mercury - It is the smallest planet which is nearest to the sun.   Image result for Mercury PNG   v    Venus - is also known as morning and evening star. It is on the second position from the sun.   Image result for Venus PNG   v    Earth - We live on this planet and it is on the third position from the sun. It is also known as the blue planet.   Image result for EARTH PNG   v    Mars - It is on the fourth position from the sun. It is also known as the red planet.   Image result for MARS PNG   v    Jupiter - It is the biggest planet of the solar system and is on the fifth position from the sun.   Image result for JUPITER PNG   v    Saturn - This planet is on the sixth position from the sun.   Image result for saturn png   more...

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