Current Affairs 1st Class

  Introduction to MS-Paint     Introduction   v  MS-Paint is a basic painting utility tool that is included in all the Microsoft windows versions. v  MS-Paint can be used to draw, color and edit pictures. v  MS-Paint is found in the windows start menu within the accessories folder.   Starting MS-Paint   MS-Paint is a part of windows. To open paint do the following steps:   v  Click "Office" button and select All Apps option from the start menu list. v  Click "Windows Accessories" folder from the All Apps list. v  Click MS-Paint option which is listed under the windows Accessories folder. Or v  To open MS-Paint, type Paint in the search box on the task bar and then select paint from the list of result.       Both will launch MS-Paint application window with the file name 'Untitled - Paint' as "hewn in the picture below:               v  File Tab: It consist of options like open and save file, create new page, print documents and other file related options.           v  Home Tab: It consists of tools like brushes, shapes, colour, image erasers, fill tool, pick color, magnifier, text airbrush etc.             v  View Tab: It consist of tools like zoom in, zoom out, full screen, status bar, rulers etc.       Using Tools     v  Pencil tool: This tool is used to draw a line with different color.           v  Brushes tool: This tool allows to select brush shape and apply color using strokes as you move cursor over the image.             v  Color Palette: This tool is where you will choose your paint color.               v  Eraser tool: This tool is used to erase parts of a drawing.           more...

  Introduction to Note Pad   Introduction v  Notepad is a simple text editor for Microsoft windows. v  It enables computer users to create documents. v  It has been included in all versions of Microsoft windows since windows 1.0 in 1985. v  The resulting files are typically saved with the .txt extension.   Steps to open windows Notepad Step 1: On the windows desktop, find the windows Search Box. Step 2: In the Search Box, type notepad. Step 3: Click on the Notepad option in the search results. It will launch Windows Notepad application with an untitled blank windows as shown in the picture.     Title bar   v  The top most bar of the Notepad window is called the title bar. v  It opens with a name of Untitled - Notepad.     Status bar The status bar in windows Notepad displays the current line number and column number of the cursor location.       Menu bar The menu bar contains options of File, Edit, Format, View and Help tab.                              1. File tab File tab contains option of New page, Save, Save as, Print, Exit, Page setup etc.                                     2.  Edit tab Edit tab contains options of Undo, Cut, Copy, Paste, Delete, Select all. Find, Find next, Replace etc.                         3.  Format tab Format tab contains Word Wrap and fonts of writing.                         4. View tab View tab contains option to enable or disable Status bar.       Things to Remember   v  Notepad is a simple text editor for Microsoft windows. v  It has been included since windows 1.0 in 1985. v  .txt is the extension for notepad file. v  Notepad has three bars, Title bar, Menu bar and Status bar. more...

Type I: How to find the missing term or next term in (number/ Setter or figure) series to continue the given series?
  • Identify the order of series (descending or ascending) order. Observe the pattern using operations: addition, subtraction, skip counting and reverse counting.                                                     
  • Identify the order of alphabetical series either A to Z or Z to A.
  • Numbering of alphabets either starting from A or starting from Z.       
  • Skipping letters.                                                       
  Type II: How to find the missing term in the pattern?                  
  • To find the missing term in the pattern, identify the rule followed in rest of the given terms in a pattern using (+, -, reverse counting and skip counting).
  Type III: How to find the missing part in the figure pattern?
  • Complete the figure pattern by drawing its incomplete part in the pattern.
    EXAMPLE     1.       Which is the missing number in the number pattern?         (a) 1                             (b) 2              (c) 3                             (d) 8   Explanation (c): Rule followed in number pattern is the reverse counting: 7, 6, 5, 4,  .     2.       What is the missing alphabet in given below series? (a) I                              (b) H                (c) O                                     (d) G   Explanation (b):     3.       Which is the next figure?         (a)                       (b) more...

Lengths How to measure or compare the lengths of given objects? ·         If objects are straight, then measure them by ruler or tape. ·         If objects are curved, then the object having maximum curve is the longest and object having minimum curve is the shortest.   Weights How to measure or compare the weights of given objects? Use weighing scale to identify the weight of objects and categorise them from the lightest to the heaviest or the heaviest to the lightest.   Money 1 Rupee = 100 paise   Time                                  ·         Sequence of day ·         Number of days in a week = 7, ·         Number of months in a year = 12      ·         1 hour = 60 minutes, 1 minute = 60 seconds     EXAMPLE     1.       Choose the answer that best describes the picture given below.             (a) The pencil is shorter than the stick. (b) The stick is shorter than the pencil. (c) The pencil is as long as the stick. (d) Cannot be determined.   Explanation (b): Length of stick = 3  or 3 units Length of pencil = 6  or 6 units Pencil is 3 units longer than stick or stick is 3 units shorter than pencil.     2.       Which set contains the maximum amount of money? (a) (b) (c) more...

Shapes and Their Names  
How to find the odd term amongst the given terms? ·         Put the things or terms in a category. ·         Category can be divided on the basis of shapes, size, properties of geometrical shapes, numbers (quantity), etc.   One to One Correspondence In this, student match one object to one other object or person.     EXAMPLE     1.       Which is the odd one out?                                                                 (a)                             (b)            (c)                     (d)   Explanation (c): (a), (b) and (d) are all the natural sources of light.     2.       Which is the odd one out?             (a)                                    (b)             (c)                        (d)   Explanation (c): In (A), (B) and (D), number of sides of outer and inner images is same.

Questions asked on this chapter are based on topics:   Inside/Outside, Above/Below, Top/Bottom Far/Near, On/Under, Thick/Thin & Few/More    

  Type I In these type of questions, the candidate is required to analyze the given set of figures, numbers and put them into groups of 2's, 3's, 4's,........ and find number of objects in each group.                                    Type II                                                             Finding the number of groups of 2's, 3's, 4's,......... that could be formed from the given objects.     EXAMPLE     1.       How many group of 2's can be formed from the balloons given below?            (a) 8                             (b) 11                (c) 9                             (d) 10   Explanation (c):     2.       The figure  belongs to group ____.                             (a) P                            (b) Q              (c) R                            (d) S   Explanation (a):      belongs to group P only.

In analogy, two pair of figures are given on either side of::. There is a certain relationship between each pair. The student has to identify the relation in the given pair and find the missing figure.     EXAMPLE   Direction (1 - 2): There is a certain relationship between the pair of figures given on either side of : :. Identify the relationship of given pair and find the missing term.        1.      (a)                    (b) (c)               (d)             Explanation (a): Pair of figures on the left side of:: are vegetables (same category). Pair of figures on the right side of:: should be of same category.   2.                (a)                     (b)             (c)                        (d)   Explanation (a): 1st figure of the left pair is formed from the second figure, hence 1st figure of the right pair is formed from the figure in option A.

  • Identify the position or rank of an object or a person from left end or right end and rank from top or from bottom. If end positions are not marked then it is taken defaultly (positions from your side) as left position or right
  • Identify the position or rank of an object or a person after removing same objects from the series.                                         
    EXAMPLE   1.       The 4th ice-cream from the right end is ice-cream________. (a) D                            (b) E               (c) F                             (d) C   Explanation (b): A is on left end and H is on right end. H is first from the right end. So, E is fourth from the right end.    2.                 The position of the flower in the circle is ______.                                  (a) 3rd from the left end               (b) 5th from the left end (c) 4th from the right end               (d) In the centre   Explanation (b): Circled flower is 3rd from the right end and 5th from the left end.     3.       Which is the 3rd pumpkin from the left end?                                                (a) Q                                        (b) W                (c) U                                        (d) R   Explanation (d): Pumpkin P is first from the left end. Hence, pumpkin R is third from the left end.

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