Exam Preparation Tips

Prepare for Wurtz Reaction

The Wurtz reaction, named after Charles-Adolphe Wurtz, is a coupling reaction in organic chemistry, organometallic chemistry and recently inorganic main group polymers, whereby two alkyl halides are reacted with sodium to form a new alkane:
2R–X + 2Na → R–R + 2Na+X−
Other metals have also been used to effect the Wurtz coupling, among them silver, zinc, iron, activated copper, indium and a mixture of manganese and copper chloride. The related reaction dealing with aryl halides is called the Wurtz-Fittig reaction.This can be explained by the formation of free radical intermediate and its subsequent disproportionation to give alkene.
The reaction consists of a halogen-metal exchange involving the radical species R• (in a similar fashion to the formation of a Grignard reagent and then the carbon–carbon bond formation in a nucleophilic substitution reaction.)
One electron from the metal is transferred to the halogen to produce a metal halide and an alkyl radical.
R–X + M → R• + M+X−
The alkyl radical then accepts an electron from another metal atom to form an alkyl anion and the metal becomes cationic. This intermediate has been isolated in a several cases.
R• + M → R−M+
The nucleophilic carbon of the alkyl anion then displaces the halide in an SN2 reaction, forming a new carbon-carbon covalent bond.
R−M+ + R–X → R–R + M+X−
Mr.Lalit Sardana (IIT JEE AIR 243) - A renowned IITJEE trainer at Sardana Tutorials is teaching you the derivation of equations of motion and he has been a true professional in his service. His efforts have always yielded fruits in the form of a number of students getting admissions into IITs. In this video he has explained the whole process involved in Wurtz reaction. This video will help students of class 11th CBSE, 12th CBSE, JEE Mains, JEE Advanced, KCET, VITEEE, J and K Engineering exams. 
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