Industries Comparative Case Studies
major industries are the iron and steel industry, textile industry and
information technology (IT) industry. The first two are very old industries
while the last one is an emerging industry. Iron and steel industry is located
in Germany, China, Japan, USA and Russia. Textile industry is concentrated in India,
China, Taiwan, Indonesia, Vietnam, South Korea and Japan. The major hubs of the
IT Industry are the Silicon Valley in Central California, Bengaluru in India
and Taiwan and South Korea. In this chapter, we will do a comparative study of
three major industries: iron and steel industry, (between Jamshedpur, India and
Pittsburg, USA ;) textile industry (between Ahmedabad, India and Osaka, Japan)
and finally the information technology industry (between Bengaluru, India and
the Silicon Valley, USA).
The iron and
steel industry is a basic industry. It is the 'key' to other industries, since
all other industries depend on it for their machinery and other product needs.
For this reason, the production and consumption of iron and steel is often
taken as an index of a nation's business activity and the standard of living of
In India, the
first iron and steel plant was set up in West Bengal at Kulti in
1870. Later, the Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited (TISCO) was established at
Sakchi, Jamshedpur, in 1907 by Jamshedji Tata, one of the
pioneers of modern India. It is one of the largest integrated iron and steel
works in Asia. It is a private sector industry. It started pig iron production
in 1911 and steel in 1912. The first public sector iron and steel plant, now
known as Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Works at Bhadrawati (Kamataka), was
established in 1923.
advantages for Jamshedpur
strategically located and enjoys the following advantages:
The place is only 32 km away from Kalmati station on the Bengal-Nagpur
Sakchi is ideally situated at the confluence of the rivers Subamarekha
and Kharkai in Jharkhand about 200 km from Kolkata.
The iron ore comes from the districts of Singhbhum (Jharkhand)
and Mayurbhanj mines (Odisha) located at a distance of just 75 km from
Jamshedpur. Coal comes from Jharia and Raniganj coalfields which are
about 180 km away. Limestone and dolomite come from Odisha and
Chhattisgarh. Manganese is obtained from Keonjhar mines in Odisha.
A dam has been constructed on river Subamarekha to provide water.
The Damodar Valley project provides cheap and abundant hydroelectric
Since the iron and steel industry is labour-intensive1, it has the
demand for a large number of skilled and unskilled labour. This region is densely
populated and this cheap labour is available from more...