UPSC General Studies Sample Paper

done General Studies Sample Paper-9 [Download Complete Paper]

  • question_answer1)

    Akbar, the Great Mughal Emperor brought about radical changes in each and every sphere of administration. He also reformed the religious policy to a great extent, which was followed by early Mughal rulers. Consider the following statements.
    1. Akbar introduced a new religion 'Din-i-Ilahi'.
    2. He allowed converted Muslims to change their religion, but he was against Christian missionaries and never allowed them to propagate their religion and missionary ideas.
    3. Before Akbar, the Ulemas enjoyed the dominating position and same was the status of Ulemas in
    Akbar's rule. All the policies of state were decided by them.
    4. Mulla Muhammad Yazdi, the qazi of Jaunpur issued Fatwa against Akbar.
    5. The results of the liberal religious policies of Akbar were very fruitful and it resulted in the development of communal harmony.
    Which of the statements given above are incorrect regarding his religious reforms?

    A) 2, 3 and 5

    B) 3, 4 and 5

    C) 1and 4

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer2)

    Consider the following statements regarding the Gandhara School of Art.
    1. The Gandhara region extending from Punjab to the borders of Afghanistan was an important centre of Mahayana Buddhism.
    2. The Gandhara School of Art is also known as the Greco-Buddhist School of Art.
    3. Gandhara School of Art executed images of Buddha in black stone and modelled on identical characters of Greek Roman Pantheon.
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    A) 1 and 3

    B) 2 and 3

    C) Only 2

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer3)

    Which of the following can be said as direct implications of globalisation on Indian economy?
    1. Emergence of black money, tax havens in the world.
    2. Acquisition of branded foreign companies by Indian business tycoon,
    3. Changing nature of food habits, cultural change in dress, entertainment sector etc.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1 and 2

    B) Only 1

    C) 2 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer4)

    Consider the following statements regarding the growth and the poverty.
    1. A number of empirical studies have found that the responsiveness of income poverty to growth increases significantly as inequality is lowered.
    2. The more equal the distribution of income in a country, the greater the impact of growth on the number of people in poverty.
    3. The greater equity comes at the expanse of lower growth and that there is a trade-off between grow- and equity, when it comes to poverty reduction.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 2 and 3

    C) 1 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer5)

    Consider the following statements
    1. A moraine is any glacially formed accumulation of unconsolidated glacial debris.
    2. This debris may have been plucked off a valley floor as a glacier advanced or may have fallen off valley walls as a result of frost wedging or landslide.
    3. Medial moraines are ridges of unconsolidated debris deposited at the snout or end of the glacier.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 2 and 3

    C) 1 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer6)

    Which of the following species are in the critically endangered list of Red Data Book of IUCN"'
    1. Great Indian bustard
    2. Indian vulture
    3. Himalayan wolf
    4. Kondanarat
    5. Shark of Ganga
    6. Blue whale
    7. Dolphin of Ganga
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

    B) 2, 4, 5 and 6

    C) 1, 6 and 7

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer7)

    Which of the following are the landforms created by wind erosion?
    1. Mushroom
    2. Zeugen
    3. Karoe
    4. Yardang
    5. Esker
    6. Inselberg
    7. Driekanter
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1, 2, 3 and 7

    B) 1, 2, 4, 6 and 7

    C) 3, 4, 5 and 6

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer8)

    Consider the following statements with regard to globigerina ooze, a type of ocean deposit.
    1. It is calcareous in nature.
    2. It is seldom found at a depth greater than 2000 fathoms because of their high solubility.
    3. It covers the largest area of ocean surface.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 2 and 3

    C) 1 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer9)

    Consider the following statements in the context of 'Holographic Technology'.
    1. This technique enables only two-dimensional images to be made using the laser.
    2. This technique is mainly based on the principle of scattering and polarising of light rays.
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) Both 1 and 2

    D) Neither1nor 2

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  • question_answer10)

    Consider the following statements.
    1. A chalcogenide glass is a glass containing sulphur, selenium and tellurium.
    2. Chalcogenide glass form the basis of rewritable CD and DVD solid state memory technology.
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) Both 1 and 2

    D) Neither1nor 2

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  • question_answer11)

    Consider the following statements.
    1. The development of seed without sexual fusion is called apomixis.
    2. Development of embryo from the egg cell without sexual fusion is called parthenogenesis.
    3. The development of embryo either from synergids or antipodal cell of the embryo sac is called apogamy.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 2 and 3

    B) 1 and 2

    C) 1 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer12)

    Consider the following statements.
    1. A soap bubble.
    2. Rainbow.
    3. Oil slick oh a wet road.
    All three of the above give different colours, due to which of the following set of phenomena?

    A) Refraction, Interference, Reflection

    B) Refraction, Scattering, Reflection

    C) Interference, Refraction, Reflection

    D) Interference, Refraction, Scattering

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  • question_answer13)

    Consider the following statements about the 'Prajapatya vivah' mentioned in ancient Indian text.
    1. In this type of marriage, the rights of boy and girl were equally secured.
    2. The groom approached the bride's father, who agreed to marriage after fixing a price.
    3. The price for this marriage was usually a pair of cows.
    Which of the statements) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) 1 and 2

    C) 1 and 3

    D) Only 3

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  • question_answer14)

    Consider the following statements with regard to the Great Rift Valley of Africa.
    1. It separates somalian sub-plates from African plate.
    2. Several large lakes are located in the valley.
    3. Lake Victoria is the largest of such lakes.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 2 and 3

    C) 1 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer15)

    Consider the following statements.
    1. South Andaman is separated from Nicobar by Duncan's passage.
    2. Little Andaman is separated from South Andaman by Ten Degree Channel.
    3. Great Nicobar is located very close to Sumatra.
    Which of the statements) given above is/ are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) 1 and 2

    C) Only 3

    D) 1 and 3

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  • question_answer16)

    Algaculture is a form of aquaculture involving the farming of species of algae. The potential benefit of algal biomass are
    1. It can be used as fertiliser.
    2. It can be used for, power generation.
    3. It can be used for production of biodegradable plastics.
    4. It is useful for food processing.
    5. It Can help in controlling air and water pollution
    6. It can be used in cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries.
    7. It can be used to produce biodiesel.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below,

    A) 1, 2 and 4

    B) 1, 3, 4 and 6

    C) 2, 3, 5, 6 and 7

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer17)

    Consider the following statements regarding the Veto powers of the President of India.
    1. The President has no discretionary powers and all presidential vetos are exercised on the advice of Council of Ministers,
    2. The Parliament needs to pass the same bill with a higher majority than earlier when the President decides to use his Suspensive Veto.
    3. The provision for the Pocket Veto Power of the President is provided in the Constitution.
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) Only 2

    C) Only 3

    D) None of these

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  • question_answer18)

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are not true about the 14th Finance Commission of India
    1. Its recommendation states share in net proceeds from union tax collection to be increased 42% from 32% earlier which is the largest change ever in the percentage of devolution.
    2. It is constituted for a period of 2015-2020 under the Chairmanship of Dr Yaga Venugopal Reddy, former Governor of the Reserve Bank of India.
    3. It recommended to create an autonomous and independent 'GST Compensation Fund' to facilitate: compensation process and 'Fiscal Council' to undertake ex-ante assessment of fiscal policy implication of budget proposals.
    4. It also recommended for distribution of grants to states for local bodies using 2011 population data weight of 10 per cent and area with weight of 90 per cent.
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are incorrect?

    A) 1 and 3

    B) 1 and 4

    C) Only 4

    D) None of these

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  • question_answer19) Which one of the following statements is incorrect?

    A) Monetary policy is the series of actions taken by a Central Bank to determine the conditions which it supplies the money that circulates in the economy, through which it influences the behaviour of short-term interest rates

    B) The goals of monetary policy has been a defining issue for economists and public opinion since central banks were consolidated as entities responsible for providing economies with currency implementing monetary policy

    C) The government can use monetary policy to influence the price-setting process and thereby me inflation target

    D) The Central Bank supplies liquidity to money market participants, either by changing some headings of its balance or by adopting measures that have a more direct influence on short-term interest

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  • question_answer20)

    Consider the following statements regarding the Peninsular Rivers of India.
    1. The upper course of the Mahanadi lies in the saucer-shaped basin called the 'Chhattisgarh Plains'.
    2. Manjira is the only important right bank tributary of the Godavari river.
    3. The Narmada river divides itself into two distinct channel in Jabalpur.
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are incorrect?

    A) 1 and 3

    B) 2 and 3

    C) 1 and 2

    D) Only 3

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  • question_answer21)

    Consider the following statements about cloud computing.
    1. It is a service that is generally offered by a third party.
    2. It includes only software and not hardware.
    3. It is generally offered on one to one basis.
    Which of the statements) given above is/ are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 1 and 3

    C) Only 1

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer22) Meghraj is

    A) an ambitious initiative to utilise and harmless the benefits of cloud computing

    B) the name of a new variant of surface to air missile developed by DRDO

    C) the name of naval military exercise held in Western Ghats between India and Russia

    D) an ambitious project to spread education to the downtrodden launched by the Government of India recently

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  • question_answer23)

    Consider the following statements regarding Bharat Ratna as the Republic of India's highest ' civilian award, given for the highest degrees of national service.
    1. The award was established by Rajendra Prasad (President of India) in 1954.
    2. The award has been conferred, so far, to two non-Indians.
    3. As per the new amended rules, the award can now be conferred to sportsperson.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 2 and 3

    C) 1 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer24) In a covalent bond, one or more electrons (often a pair of electrons) are drawn into the space between the atomic nuclei. Its formation can be best explained by

    A) the available electrons in the highest energy level form the strongest bond

    B) the electrons must have same spin

    C) of two orbitals in an atom, the one that can overlap the most with an orbital from another atom will form the strongest bond

    D) All of the above

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  • question_answer25)

    Which of the following was not a recommendation made by the Cabinet Mission, 1946?
    1. All subjects other than the union subjects and all residuary powers were to be vested in the provinces.
    2. Two Independent Dominions, India and Pakistan, were to be set up.
    3. There was to be a Union of India, consisting of the British provinces and the princely states.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 3

    C) 2 and 3

    D) Only 2

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  • question_answer26)

    Consider the following statements about the characteristics of ragas.
    1. There must be nodes of the raga called tappa. Each raga must have atleast three nodes.
    2. There must be a modal structure (sequence of nodes) of the raga called as that in Hindustani music and mela in Carnatic music.
    3. There must be Jaatis. Jaati means caste or collection and in the context of raga, it refers to the number of
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) 2 and 3

    D) 1 and 3

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  • question_answer27)

    Rise of Magadha to imperial power was mainly due to its
    1. position of strategic importance surrounded by five hills,
    2. position in a richly fertile zone and good communication channel.
    3. aggressive imperial policy of the rulers.
    4. association with the activities of Mahatma Buddha.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below,

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 1, 2 and 4

    C) 1, 2 and 3

    D) 3 and 4

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  • question_answer28) Population of five species may interact in several ways. One of these called Proto cooperation, occurs when

    A) one population inhibits the other

    B) interaction is favourable to both, but not obligatory

    C) interaction is favourable to both, but obligatory

    D) neither population affects the other

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  • question_answer29)

    Consider the following statements regarding Agenda 21.
    1. Agenda 21 is the outcome of the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992.
    2. It is a binding action plan to bring sustainable development.
    3. Local Agenda 21 refers to the steps taken to implement the plan for sustainable development locality
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 1 and 3

    C) All of these

    D) None of these

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  • question_answer30)

    Among the various reasons cited for the absence of ability to develop and sustain life on Mars, which among the following are incorrect?
    1. Mars has no magnetosphere.
    2. The atmosphere of Mars is very thin.
    3. Mars is beyond the habitable zone of the solar system.
    4. Mars has no water, water ice and oxygen.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 2, 3 and 4

    C) 3 and 4

    D) 1, 2 and 3

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  • question_answer31) Which of the following statements is incorrect?

    A) Economists empirically test their models

    B) The usefulness of an economic model does not depend on how well the model predicts

    C) An economic model should capture only the essential relationships that are sufficient to analyse the particular problem being studied

    D) Economic models relate to behaviour rather than to individual thought processes

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  • question_answer32)

    India is the first country to ratify the Marrakesh Treaty. Its provisions include
    1. Under the treaty, countries have to ensure the availability of published works in formats like Braille that are accessible to the blind, visually impaired or otherwise print disabled persons.
    2. The treaty allows for import and export of accessible versions of books and other copyrighted works without the permission of the copyright holder.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) Both 1 and 2

    D) Neither1nor 2

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  • question_answer33)

    Consider the following statements regarding the money supply and the interest rate.
    1. Using monetary tools, the Central Bank can lower interest rates by raising the money supply and increase rates by cutting the money supply.
    2. This analysis can only consider the short run and not the long-term consequences of changes to the money supply.
    3. According to Keynes, the increase in the money supply may actually cause interest rates to go up.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 2 and 3

    C) 1 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer34) When UV rays incident on the metal plate then photoelectric effect does not occur. It occurs by incidence of

    A) X-rays

    B) microwaves

    C) infrared rays

    D) radiowaves

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  • question_answer35)

    Consider the following statements.
    1. All parasites are pathogens.
    2. Pathogens have to adapt to life within the environment of the host.
    3. Rhinoviruses, a pathogen causes the common cold in humans.
    4. All cancers are non-pathogenic diseases i.e. they are genetic in origin.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1, 2 and 3

    B) 1, 3 and 4

    C) 2 and 4

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer36)

    An independent evaluation office has been established to undertake impartial and objective assessment a various public programmes. Consider the following statements in this regard.
    1. It aims at improving the impact of the programme.
    2. It will provide information for evidence based policy-making.
    3. It covers Public Distribution System, rural electrification etc.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 1 and 3

    C) 2 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer37)

    Examine the following statements regarding the Gurjara Pratihara dynasty of India from early medieval history.
    1. Pratiharas were based in South-East of India.
    2. Cavalry of Pratiharas was considered to be the best in India during that time.
    3. The early history of the Pratihara is found in Gwalior Inscription.
    Which of the statements) given above is/are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 2 and 3

    C) Only 1

    D) Only 3

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  • question_answer38) Which of the following was not a characteristic feature of the buildings of the Delhi Sultanate during the 13th century?

    A) These buildings were based on a distinct tradition of architecture called 'saracenic?

    B) They made use of arches vaults and domes

    C) The buildings are characterised by plastic exuberance rather than simple severity.

    D) Lime cement was used to construct these buildings

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  • question_answer39) Which of the following is incorrect regarding the Dual Government in Bengal, Bihar and Odisha

    A) It was introduced by Warren Hastings

    B) The power of settlement of revenues was given to Muhammad Raza Khan and Raja Sitab Rai

    C) The dual government involved large scale exploitation

    D) The dual government involved huge loss to the East India Company

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  • question_answer40)

    Which of the following factors affect the soil formation?
    1. Climate
    2. Vegetation
    3. Weathering
    4. Relief
    5. Parent material
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1 and 4

    B) 1, 2 and 3

    C) 1, 2, 3 and 5

    D) AU of these

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  • question_answer41)

    Consider the following statements about Western disturbances.
    1. These are the extra-tropical storms originating in the Mediterranean sea.
    2. It brings sudden winter rain and snow to the North-Western parts of the Indian sub-continent.
    3. This is a non-monsoonal precipitation pattern driven by the Easterlies.
    4. Western disturbances are important to the development of the kharif crop in Northern India.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 2 and 3

    C) 1, 2 and 3

    D) 1, 2 and 4

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  • question_answer42)

    Impending crisis of global warming has overwhelmed humanity at large. Which of the following are the name of technologies, could be used for carbon-sequestration?
    1. NOTT-202
    2. Ocean-iron fertilisation
    3. BECCS
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1 and 3

    B) 1 and 2

    C) 2 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer43)

    Consider the following statements about the 'Stand Up India Scheme.'
    1. It is an initiative to prome entrepreneurship among SC, ST and women entrepreneurs.
    2. It provides for refinance window through Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) initial amount of Rs. 10000 crore.
    3. It also provides for creation of a credit gurantee mechanism through the National Credit Guarantee Trustee Company (NCGTC).
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are incorrect?

    A) Only 1

    B) 1 and 2

    C) 1 and 3

    D) None of these

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  • question_answer44)

    Consider the following statements with regard to National Dairy Plan.
    1. It is a two Phase Scheme to be implemented till 2022.
    2. The scheme is aimed at productivity ehancement, strengthening and expanding village infrastructure for milk procurement and provide producers with greater access to markets.
    3. The first phase is to be largely financial through the International Development Association (IDA) of the World Bank.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 1 and 3

    C) 1 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer45)

    Consider the following statements about the basic premises of Software Entropy,
    1. A computer program that is used will be modified.
    2. When a program is modified, its complexity will increase, provided that one does not actively work against this.
    3. It may be better to redesign the software rather than build on the existing program.
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) 1 and 2

    C) 1 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer46)

    Consider the following statements regarding the provisions under Mountbatten Plan on 3rd June, 1947.
    1. A Boundary Commission would be set up if partition was to be effected.
    2. Referendum in NWFP and Sylhet, district of Asom.
    3. Punjab and Bengal Legislative Assemblies would meet in two groups; Hindus and Muslims, to vote for partition.
    4. Princely states can exist independent or either with the two dominion.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 2, 3 and 4

    C) 1, 2 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer47)

    Consider the following statements regarding mixed farming.
    1. It is raising of crops and rearing of cattle, poultry, bee keeping, sericulture etc on the same land.
    2. It is practised in densely populated areas.
    3. Modern machinery, good seeds, fertilisers are used to increase the yield.
    Which of the statements) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) 2 and 3

    D) AH of these

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  • question_answer48)

    Rain bearing clouds look black. The probable reason could be
    1. part of light is scattered by the tiny droplets of water in clouds.
    2. part of light is absorbed by the tiny droplets of water in clouds.
    3. there is a lot of dust condensed in water vapour.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 1 and 3

    C) 2 and 3

    D) Only 1

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  • question_answer49)

    Consider the following statements in the context of India and International Criminal Court.
    1. India has neither signed nor ratified the Rome Statue on the International Criminal Court (ICC).
    2. Rome Statute on the International Criminal Court (ICC) defines war crimes including the armed conflict not of an international character.
    Which of the statements) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) Both 1 and 2

    D) Neither1nor 2

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  • question_answer50) Which of the following statements regarding summoning and ending of parliamentary sessions is incorrect?

    A) Adjournment Sine Die is done by the President, while Adjournment is done by the Speaker

    B) Prorogation ends the session of the House, while Adjournment only ends the Sitting

    C) Both Houses need not be prorogued at the same time

    D) Dissolution of the House happens either automatically or by the President

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  • question_answer51)

    Consider the following statements regarding Fundamental Duties enshrined in the Constitution.
    1. Fundamental Duties have been amended after their initial introduction in 1976.
    2. They are applicable to both citizens and foreigners in India.
    3. Laws meant to give effect to Fundamental Duties can impose reasonable restrictions on Fundamental
    Rights under Article 14 and 19.
    Which of the statement (s) given above is/ are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 1 and 3

    C) Only 3

    D) None of these

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  • question_answer52)

    What is the difference between CAT Scan and Magnetic Resonance Imaging?
    1. CAT scan uses X-ray, MRI uses no X-ray and thus, no ionising radiation.
    2. CAT scan gives best results for soft tissues while MRI gives best results for bones.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) Both 1 and 2

    D) Neither1nor 2

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  • question_answer53) An 'Earthen pot' has been chosen as the logo for the ecomark scheme of India. Why this logo is chosen?

    A) It uses a renewable resource

    B) It represents India's tradition and culture

    C) It represents human condition of work for the labourers in handicraft industries

    D) It uses products healthy and hygienic to the human beings

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  • question_answer54)

    Consider the following statements related to Comparative Rating Index for Sovereigns (CRIS).
    1. If nation's index sovereign credit rating is constant and all other nation's Moody's ratings rise, then the nation's index of CRIS will decline.
    2. The weighted average of the CRIS for all nations is constant.
    3. The CRIS has been constructed, so as to register diminishing marginal returns to improvements in the absolute ratings.
    Which of the statements] given above is/are correct?

    A) 2 and 3

    B) 1 and 2

    C) Only 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer55)

    Quit India Resolution is also called as 'August Revolution'. The government under the garb of war efforts had armed itself with draconian measures and suppressed even basic civil liberties. Why was it felt necessary to launch a movement in these difficult conditions?
    1. Gandhi's eleven-point demands were rejected.
    2. Failure of Cripps Mission in April, 1942 made clear that Britain was determined to continue India?s unwilling partnership in the war effort.
    3. Popular discontent, a product of rising prices and war-time shortages was mounting.
    4. The news of allied reverses and British withdrawals from South-East Asia and Burma affirmed imminent British collapse.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1, 2 and 4

    B) 1, 3 and 4

    C) 2, 3 and 4

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer56)

    Consider the following statements.
    1. The material used in Mathura School of Art is red sandstone.
    2. An overwhelming majority of the image at Ajanta are those of Vishnu.
    3. The Elephanta rock-cut caves belong to the period of the Rashtrakutas.
    Which of the statements) given above is/are incorrect?

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) 1 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer57)

    Consider the following statements with regard to the Shiwalik range.
    1. The range is more prominent in Western Half of the Himalayas.
    2. These are made up of unconsolidaled river deposits and are prone to earthquakes and landslides
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) Both 1 and 2

    D) Neither1nor 2

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  • question_answer58)

    Consider the following statements.
    1. Geothermal energy is recognised as the cleanest, without smoke or environmental hazards.
    2. The government is setting up its first geothermal power project in Ladakh.
    3. The cost of a geothermal plant is very low as compared to a coal-based plant.
    4. Geothermal plants can operate round the clock, unlike those based on solar and tidal energy.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1, 2 and 4

    B) 2, 3 and 4

    C) 1 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer59)

    Consider the following statements regarding lightning that results from the creation and separation of electric charge in cumulonimbus clouds.
    1. Lightning is the form visible electric discharge between rain clouds or between a rain cloud and the Earth.
    2. Thunder clouds are positively charged at the base and negatively charged at the top. Earth represents the negatively charged plate.
    3. When the electrical potential between two clouds or between a cloud and the Earth reaches a sufficiently high value, the air becomes ionised along a narrow path and a lightning flash results.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 1 and 3

    C) 2 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer60)

    Consider the following statements regarding Constitutional Amendments.
    1. Private members cannot introduce Constitutional Amendment Bills in Parliament.
    2. President cannot send Constitutional Amendment Bills passed by Parliament back for reconsideration.
    3. All Constitutional Amendment Bills require a special majority in Parliament to be passed.
    4. There can be no Joint Session of Parliament for passing a Constitutional Amendment Bill.
    5. Article 368 covers all forms of Constitutional Amendments.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1, 2 and 4

    B) 2, 3 and 5

    C) 3, 4 and 5

    D) 2 and 4

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  • question_answer61) Which of the following statements is not a constitutional provision in relation to subordinate courts?

    A) Persons in service of State Government cannot be appointed as district judges

    B) Posting, promotion etc. of persons in a judicial service below the district judge is completely in the hands of High Court

    C) Consultation of the State Public Service Commissional is also required by the Governor, before appointing anyone to the judicial service of a state

    D) Judicial service of a state consists of the judges of the High Court and all other subordinate judicial positions like district judge, sessions judge etc.

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  • question_answer62)

    What has been the effect of the 44th Constitutional Amendment Act on the emergency provisions contained in Article 352?
    1. Ratification of emergency by Parliament has to be done by special majority now instead of the simple majority required earlier.
    2. Judicial review of emergency proclamation has been enabled.
    3. Criteria for imposing emergency was changed.
    4. President can return the advice to impose emergency for reconsideration of the cabinet once.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 1, 3 and, 4

    C) 2 and 3

    D) All of these

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  • question_answer63)

    Consider the following characteristics.
    1. An extremely low aggregate demand in the economy, which causes productive activities to decelerate.
    2. The employment avenues start shrinking forcing unemployment rate to grow fast.
    3. To keep the business going, production houses go for forced labour cuts or retrenchment,
    Above mentioned characteristics are which of the following economic condition?

    A) Economic boom

    B) Economic recovery

    C) Economic depression

    D) Recession

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  • question_answer64)

    Consider the following statements with reference to Kudankulam nuclear plant.
    1. The Light Water Reactor (LWR) is a type of thermal reactor that uses heavy water as its coolant an: neutron as moderator and a solid compound of fissile element as its fuel.
    2. The plant's reactor is the first Pressurised Water Reactor (PWR) belonging to the Light Water Reactor (LWR) category in India.
    Which of the statements) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) Both 1 and 2

    D) Neither 1 nor 2

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  • question_answer65)

    Consider the following statements.
    1. In 1961, the Government of India entrusted the responsibility for space research and for the peaceful use of outer space.
    2. India is one of the big six advanced space research organisation that dominate space.
    3. The Government of India constituted the Space Commission in 1972, which come under the Defense Ministry from 1st June, 1973.
    Which of the statements) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 2

    B) 1 and 3

    C) 1 and 2

    D) Only 3

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer66)

    Consider the following statements regarding Sanskrit Literature.
    1. The Dharmasutras were compiled between 500 and 200 BC.
    2. The Manusmriti tells us about the role of man and woman in society, their code of conduct an relationship with each other.
    3. Gita Govinda of Jayadeva is the finest poem of Bengali Literature of this period and deals numerous works on different aspects of art architecture, sculpture, icnography and related fields
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) 1 and 2

    C) 2 and 3

    D) All of these

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer67)

    Consider the following statements about tank irrigation.
    1. Under this system, bandhs are constructed across small streams, water is stored and supplied to agriculture through small canals.
    2. Tank irrigation is found in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Odisha and Madhya Pradesh.
    3. Two tanks constructed during 8th century AD in Chingalpet, district of Tamil Niadu are still in use
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) 1 and 2

    C) 2 and 3

    D) All of these

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer68)

    Consider the following statements regarding laterite soils of India.
    1. They are generally black in colour.
    2. They are rich in nitrogen and potash.
    3. They are well developed in Bihar and Eastern Uttar Pradesh.
    4. Rice and cotton grow well on these soils.
    5. They are rich in iron and aluminium.
    6. Climate play important role to develop these soils.
    Which of the statements given above are incorrect?

    A) 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6

    B) 3, 4, 5 and 6

    C) 1, 2, 3 and 4

    D) 1, 5 and 6

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer69)

    Consider the following statements.
    1. Most places along the Tropic of Capricorn have arid or semi-arid climates.
    2. Atacama desert, Andes mountains and Antofagasta town are located on Tropic of Capricorn.
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) Both land 2

    D) Neither1nor 2

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer70) Which of the following statements regarding the 'Motion of Thanks' to the President's address is correct?

    A) It is moved only in the Lok Sabha

    B) Failing to pass this motion does not result in the falling of the government

    C) The President's address reflects his personal views and hopes and not those of the government

    D) Amendments to the Motion of Thanks are also possible

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  • question_answer71) Which of the following statements in the context of constitutional provisions for protection of weaker sections of society is incorrect?

    A) The Constitution defines minorities on a statewise basis

    B) Issues related to Anglo-Indians are also to be looked after by the National Commission for SCs

    C) Certain Fundamental Rights can be restricted for the protection of STs

    D) It is compulsory for the State Governments of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha to appoint a Tribal Welfare Minister

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer72) Which of the following statements is not a compulsory provision to be followed by the State Governments under the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act?

    A) Reservation of one-third of seats for women in Panchayats

    B) Devolution of powers to Panchayats to prepare plans for economic development and social justice

    C) Minimum age to contest elections to Panchayats to be 21 years instead of the 25 for Parliament and State Legislatures

    D) Constitution of a State Finance Commission every 5 years

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer73)

    The World Health Organisation has deleted India from its list of polio endemic countries, acknowledging the absence of any new instance of illness caused by the wild polio virus for more than a year. In light of this, consider the following statements.
    1. The other polio endemic countries are Afghanistan, Pakistan and Nigeria.
    2. Poliomyelitis (polio) is a highly infectious viral disease, which mainly affects young children.
    3. Symptoms are fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness in limbs and neck.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 2 and 3

    C) 1 and 3

    D) All of these

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer74)

    Genetic Use Restriction Technology (GURT) has been in public discourse for sometime. Which of the following statements regarding GURT are not true?
    1. GURT is used only in connection with plants.
    2. GURT is applied only for making the second generation sterile.
    3. GURT seed are available in the market at a cheaper price than normal seeds.
    4. GURT can help in protecting biodiversity.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1 and 3

    B) 1 and 2

    C) 2 and 4

    D) All of these

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer75)

    Which of the following statements in relation to the judicial system, under the British rule in India are correct?
    1. Supreme Court of Calcutta had jurisdiction over whole of the India.
    3. Supreme Court was established at Calcutta by Regulating Act of 1773.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1 and 3

    B) 1 and 2

    C) 2 and 3

    D) All of these

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer76)

    Cripps Mission arrived in India in 1942 to consider dominion status for India. What provision were there in its draft resolution?
    1. The provision of dominion status to India only.
    2. Holding a fresh election to all the provincial legislatures.
    3. British Government would release the Military Department only.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below,

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 2 and 3

    C) 1 and 3

    D) All of these

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer77)

    Consider the following statements about the numbering of national highways in India as per the new system.
    1. The number of the national highway indicates its orientation (North-South or East-West).
    2. The North-South national highways are in even numbers.
    3. The East-West national highways are in odd numbers.
    Which of the statements) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) 1 and 2

    C) 2 and 3

    D) All of these

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer78)

    Pesticides are widely used in agriculture without paying much attention to the consequences of its unregulated and indiscriminate use. Which of the following are the consequences of the use of pesticides?
    1. Inappropriate use of pesticides can increase pest resistance.
    2. Pesticides can contaminate unintended land and water.
    3. Pesticides can reduced human productivity.
    4. Obvious result of high use of pesticides in West Bengal region is arsenic contamination in underground water.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 2 and 3

    C) Only 4

    D) 1, 2 and 3

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer79)

    Consider the following statements regarding Lok Adalats.
    1. Lok Adalats have a statutory basis in India.
    2. Cases can be transferred or taken to a Lok Adalat either before they are filed in a regular court after they have been filed in a regular court.
    3. Lok Adalats are required to follow Civil Procedure Code, Code of Criminal Procedure, Indian Evidence Act etc.
    4. Awards given by a Lok Adalat can be appealed in a Higher Court.
    5. Lok Adalats do not involve lawyers and they also don't have any fees.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1, 2 and 4

    B) 1, 2 and 5

    C) 3, 4 and 5

    D) 3 and 4

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer80)

    Which of the following statements regarding the Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) are incorrect?
    1. Joint Parliamentary Committee can only be formed by a motion adopted by one House and supported by the other.
    2. The committee has members only from the Lok Sabha and has a term of 1 year.
    3. The committee has powers to summon any witness before itself.
    4. Recommendations of a JPC are binding on the government.
    5. Powers of the JPC are broader than any other committee.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1, 2 and 4

    B) 2, 3 and 5

    C) 3 and 4

    D) 2, 4 and 5

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer81)

    If an act passed by both the Union and State Legislature is on the same item in the Concurrent List, then under which of the following circumstances will the state law prevail?
    1. If the union made the law before the state.
    2. If it was in the national interest according to a resolution of Rajya Sabha.
    3. If the President gave permission to the State Legislature to make law on that item with caveat that the law would be applicable only under special circumstances.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) 2 and 3

    D) None of these

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer82) Which among the following awards has been recently instituted by the Government of India for individuals or communities from rural areas that have shown extraordinary courage and dedication in protecting wildlife?

    A) Indra Gandhi Paryavaran Puraskar

    B) Medini Puruskar Yojana

    C) Amrita Devi Bishnoi Award

    D) Pitamber Pant National Award

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer83)

    Consider the following statements regarding the Zamindari system during the tenure of Lord Cornwallis as Governor-General of Bengal.
    1. The demand of the government on the revenue collected by the Zamindars was fixed at 70%.
    2. If a Zamindar failed to pay to the government its demand on the due date, his Zamindari was auctioned.
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) Both 1 and 2

    D) Neither1nor 2

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer84)

    Consider the following statements about Tsunami, a Japanese word, which means harbour waves.
    1. Tsunami waves originate in the oceans only due to earthquakes that occur on the oceanbed.
    2. To generate Tsunami waves, there should be vertical displacement of water column, which happens in the case of strike slip fault.
    3. As the Tsunami waves travel over a shallow and gradual slope, its wavelength decreases. This is called 'shoaling effect'.
    Which of the statements] given above is/are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 1 and 3

    C) Only 3

    D) 2 and 3

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  • question_answer85) Which of the following statements is correct about oilzapper?

    A) It is an eco-friendly technology for the remediation of oily sludge and oil spills

    B) It is the latest technology developed for under sea oil exploration

    C) It is a genetically engineered high biofuel fielding maize crop

    D) It is the latest technology to control the accidentally caused flames from oil wells

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer86) Which of the following statements is incorrect in the context of Question Hour in Parliament?

    A) Questions can be addressed to both government members and private members

    B) Not more than 20 starred questions can be taken up in a day

    C) Short notice questions are answered orally like starred questions

    D) The Question Hour takes place at different times in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer87)

    With reference to Krushak (Krushi Utpadan Sanrakhan Kendra) consider the following statements.
    1. It is the technology demonstration plant set up by BARC for demonstration of low dose applications o: radiation for preservations of radition for preservation of agricultural commodities.
    2. It uses gamma radiation from a cobalt-60 source for radiation purpose. Which of the statements) given above is are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) Both 1 and 2

    D) Neither1nor 2

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer88)

    Consider the following statements.
    1. Oxisols are soils of equatorial, tropical and sub-tropical latitude zones, with a subsurface horizon of accumulation of mineral oxides and very low base status.
    2. Ultisols are very old highly weathered soils of low latitudes with a subsurface horizon of clay accumulation and low base status.
    3. Spodosols are soils of humid and sub-humid climates with a subsurface horizon of clay accumulation and high base status.
    Which of the statements) given above is/are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 2 and 3

    C) 1 and 3

    D) Only 3

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer89)

    Consider the following statements regarding 'edge effect' in ecological study.
    1. It is a characteristic of the transition zone of two habitats.
    2. It is characterised by poor species diversity.
    3. It is characterised by higher population density.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1 and 3

    B) 1 and 2

    C) 2 and 3

    D) All of these

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer90)

    Which one of the following fauna species are found in India?
    1. Wild sheep
    2. Markhor
    3. Ibex
    4. Shrew
    5. Tapir
    6. Snow Leopard
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1, 2, 3 and 6

    B) 2, 3, 4 and 6

    C) 1, 2 and 3

    D) All of these

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer91)

    Consider the following statements about Kalahari desert.
    1. It is a semi-arid sandy Savanna in South Africa.
    2. Namib desert is located to its West.
    3. The only permanent river, the Okavango, flows into a delta in the North-West.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 1 and 3

    C) 1 and 3

    D) All of these

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer92)

    Consider the following statements describing the comparison between Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) and Fundamental Rights (FR).
    1. Since DPSP are non-justiciable, in case of a conflict between them and Fundamental Rights the latter would prevail.
    2. Any law violative of the DPSP cannot be declared as unconstitutional like in the case of violation of Fundamental Rights.
    Which of the statements] given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) Both 1 and 2

    D) Neither1nor 2

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer93)

    Consider the following statements related to the administration of the Vijayanagara Empire.
    1. Amaranayakos were a class of feudatories, bound by ties of military service to the king.
    2. Forts were considered quite important, and were of 2 kinds - sthala durga and vana durga.
    3. The Ayagors (the village functionaries) did not have a hereditary right over their offices.
    Which of the statements] given above is/are not correct in regard of the same?

    A) Only 2

    B) 2 and 3

    C) 1 and 3

    D) None of these

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer94)

    Consider the following statements regarding the ecological pyramid.
    1. Generally, the biomass will decrease from equator to the pole.
    2. The number pyramid can be either erect or inverted.
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) Both 1 and 2

    D) Neither 1 nor 2

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer95)

    Consider the following statements regarding the different sessions of Parliament.
    1. Not more than six months should pass between two sessions of Parliament.
    2. An adjournment suspends the work in a sitting for a unlimited time.
    3. The period in the budget session when the House is adjourned for detailed discussions of the budget in the committees is termed as 'recess'.
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) 1 and 2

    C) 1 and 3

    D) Only 3

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer96)

    Consider the following statements about the Vernacular Press Act.
    1. Magistrates were given the right to ask the publisher of a newspaper not to publish anything offensive to peace and security.
    2. The act was applicable to every press run by the Indians.
    3. Fixed amount was paid as security guarantee.
    4. In case of a dispute, the parties could appeal to the High Court.
    5. It was repealed by Lord Ripon.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A) 1, 2, 3 and 5

    B) 2, 4 and 5

    C) 1, 3 and 4

    D) 3, 4 and 5

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer97)

    Which of the following is/are not a condition for declaring an area as biodiversity hotspot?
    1. Serious levels of habital loss.
    2. Presence of endemic plant species.
    3. Some fraction of the species should be included in the IUCN threat perspective.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) 1 and 2

    B) 1 and 3

    C) Only 1

    D) All of these

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer98)

    Consider the following statements.
    1. The Parliament as well as the State Legislatures are empowered to make law for the compulsory acquisition and requisitioning of property by the governments.
    2. The 44th Amendment Act, has also abolished the constitutional obligation to pay compensation in this regard except in two cases.
    3. The 40th Amendment Act, provides all lands, minerals and other things of value under the waters of the ocean within the territorial water of India, vests in the Union.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A) Only 1

    B) 1 and 3

    C) Only 2

    D) All of these

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer99)

    Consider the following statements.
    1. After Rowlatt Act Satyagraha, Gandhiji had lost faith in the capacity of the Indian people to adopt non-violent Satyagraha as a method of struggle.
    2. The wrong inflicted on Punjab was are of the major reasons for launching Rowlatt Satyagraha.
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 1

    B) Only 2

    C) Both 1 and 2

    D) Neither1nor 2

    View Answer play_arrow
  • question_answer100)

    Consider the following statements about the Gandhara School of Art.
    1. Its artists made large scale use of spotted red stone.
    2. It was patronised by the Kushanas.
    3. It is very realistic in nature.
    4. Its main theme was 'Mahayana Buddhism'.
    Which of the statements) given above is/are correct?

    A) Only 2

    B) 2, 3 and 4

    C) 1, 3 and 4

    D) All of these

    View Answer play_arrow


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