9th Class English Current Affairs Question Bank

done Current Affairs

Question Bank
  • question_answer1)

    Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions that follows.
    A total of 1,253 Chinese children have fallen ill after drinking contaminated milk powder, and two babies have died, China's health ministry says. It confirmed the big jump in the numbers affected at a news conference. “As many as 10,000 infants may have drunk the contaminated Sanlu milk powder.” Vice Health Minister, Ma Shaowei, warned. Meanwhile, the New Zealand government has accused the company concerned and local officials failing to act.
    The company, at the centre of the growing scandal, Sanlu Group, is part-owned by New Zealand’s Fonterra Cooperative, the country's biggest dairy producer. The New Zealand Prime Minister, Helen dark, said her government contacted Beijing directly after alerting the company and officials but to no avail.
    Estimates rising: Mr. Ma said in Beijing that 340 children remained in hospital, and that out of these 53 were in a serious condition. He confirmed earlier reports in the state media that two babies had died from drinking milk powder produced by Sanlu Group, both of them in north-west China's Gansu province.
    Cases of contamination have also been reported in the provinces of Hebei and Jiangsu. The government is investigating how the contamination occurred. Official media is reporting that melamine, an industrial chemical rich in nitrogen, was added to the milk powder to help the food appear rich in protein, but it also prompted babies to develop kidney stones. Reports are now emerging of some mothers expressing doubts about the milk as early as March this year, on seeing that their babies’ urine was discoloured after drinking the milk.
    Government told- New Zealand Prime Minister, Helen Clark, said her government learned of the contamination problem on September 5, then three days later decided to inform Beijing after local Chinese officials refused to act.
    New Zealand Ambassador to China, Tony Brown, was deputised to tell the Chinese government. “We were the whistle-blowers and they (the Chinese Government) leapt in and ensured there was action on the ground,” Ms. Clark said. Fonterra had “been trying for weeks to get official recall and the local authorities in China would not do it”, Ms. Clark told TVNZ. “I think the first inclination was to try and put a towel over it and deal with it without an official recall,” she said. Meanwhile, Sanlu’s minority partner, Fonterra, has accused Sanlu of sabotage. “In this case we frankly have sabotage of a product,” Fonterra’s chief Executive, Andrew Ferrier, told reporters. “Our hearts go out to the parents and the infants who were affected,” he added.
    Under pressure in New Zealand to explain why Fonterra had not gone public with its concerns about the product sooner, Mr. Ferrier said his conscience was clear. He said Fonterra had known of the contamination in early August and wanted an immediate recall but that Sanlu had to abide by Chinese rules. "We together with Sanlu have done everything that we possibly could to get the product off the shelf," Ferrier said, speaking to New Zealand reporters by video from Singapore.
    Arrests: All 19 people detained in connection with the scandal so far are from the stations which pick up milk from dairy farmers, the state-controlled China Daily newspaper reported. It said the contamination probably happened at the milk-collecting stations. Meanwhile, state news agency, Xinhua, reported that two brothers had been arrested, having allegedly added melamine to the 3 tons of milk they sold on from farmers every day.
    Taiwan said late on Sunday it .was banning all imports of Sanlu dairy products immediately. It is not believed that the milk powder was exported to any other country. In 2004, at least 13 babies died in the eastern province of Anhui after drinking fake milk powder. Melamine was linked to the deaths and illness of thousands of cats and dogs in the United States last year after it was added to pet food components exported from China.
    Children drank the contaminated milk of:
     

    A) Zanlu Milk                    

    B) Sanlu Milk

    C) Banlu Milk                   

    D) Manlu Milk

    E) None of these

    View Solution play_arrow
  • question_answer2)

    Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions that follows.
    A total of 1,253 Chinese children have fallen ill after drinking contaminated milk powder, and two babies have died, China's health ministry says. It confirmed the big jump in the numbers affected at a news conference. “As many as 10,000 infants may have drunk the contaminated Sanlu milk powder.” Vice Health Minister, Ma Shaowei, warned. Meanwhile, the New Zealand government has accused the company concerned and local officials failing to act.
    The company, at the centre of the growing scandal, Sanlu Group, is part-owned by New Zealand’s Fonterra Cooperative, the country's biggest dairy producer. The New Zealand Prime Minister, Helen dark, said her government contacted Beijing directly after alerting the company and officials but to no avail.
    Estimates rising: Mr. Ma said in Beijing that 340 children remained in hospital, and that out of these 53 were in a serious condition. He confirmed earlier reports in the state media that two babies had died from drinking milk powder produced by Sanlu Group, both of them in north-west China's Gansu province.
    Cases of contamination have also been reported in the provinces of Hebei and Jiangsu. The government is investigating how the contamination occurred. Official media is reporting that melamine, an industrial chemical rich in nitrogen, was added to the milk powder to help the food appear rich in protein, but it also prompted babies to develop kidney stones. Reports are now emerging of some mothers expressing doubts about the milk as early as March this year, on seeing that their babies’ urine was discoloured after drinking the milk.
    Government told- New Zealand Prime Minister, Helen Clark, said her government learned of the contamination problem on September 5, then three days later decided to inform Beijing after local Chinese officials refused to act.
    New Zealand Ambassador to China, Tony Brown, was deputised to tell the Chinese government. “We were the whistle-blowers and they (the Chinese Government) leapt in and ensured there was action on the ground,” Ms. Clark said. Fonterra had “been trying for weeks to get official recall and the local authorities in China would not do it”, Ms. Clark told TVNZ. “I think the first inclination was to try and put a towel over it and deal with it without an official recall,” she said. Meanwhile, Sanlu’s minority partner, Fonterra, has accused Sanlu of sabotage. “In this case we frankly have sabotage of a product,” Fonterra’s chief Executive, Andrew Ferrier, told reporters. “Our hearts go out to the parents and the infants who were affected,” he added.
    Under pressure in New Zealand to explain why Fonterra had not gone public with its concerns about the product sooner, Mr. Ferrier said his conscience was clear. He said Fonterra had known of the contamination in early August and wanted an immediate recall but that Sanlu had to abide by Chinese rules. "We together with Sanlu have done everything that we possibly could to get the product off the shelf," Ferrier said, speaking to New Zealand reporters by video from Singapore.
    Arrests: All 19 people detained in connection with the scandal so far are from the stations which pick up milk from dairy farmers, the state-controlled China Daily newspaper reported. It said the contamination probably happened at the milk-collecting stations. Meanwhile, state news agency, Xinhua, reported that two brothers had been arrested, having allegedly added melamine to the 3 tons of milk they sold on from farmers every day.
    Taiwan said late on Sunday it .was banning all imports of Sanlu dairy products immediately. It is not believed that the milk powder was exported to any other country. In 2004, at least 13 babies died in the eastern province of Anhui after drinking fake milk powder. Melamine was linked to the deaths and illness of thousands of cats and dogs in the United States last year after it was added to pet food components exported from China.
    The two babies who died from drinking milk were from:
     

    A) Nansu province             

    B) Zansu province

    C) Gansu province            

    D) Tansu province

    E) None of these

    View Solution play_arrow
  • question_answer3)

    Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions that follows.
    A total of 1,253 Chinese children have fallen ill after drinking contaminated milk powder, and two babies have died, China's health ministry says. It confirmed the big jump in the numbers affected at a news conference. “As many as 10,000 infants may have drunk the contaminated Sanlu milk powder.” Vice Health Minister, Ma Shaowei, warned. Meanwhile, the New Zealand government has accused the company concerned and local officials failing to act.
    The company, at the centre of the growing scandal, Sanlu Group, is part-owned by New Zealand’s Fonterra Cooperative, the country's biggest dairy producer. The New Zealand Prime Minister, Helen dark, said her government contacted Beijing directly after alerting the company and officials but to no avail.
    Estimates rising: Mr. Ma said in Beijing that 340 children remained in hospital, and that out of these 53 were in a serious condition. He confirmed earlier reports in the state media that two babies had died from drinking milk powder produced by Sanlu Group, both of them in north-west China's Gansu province.
    Cases of contamination have also been reported in the provinces of Hebei and Jiangsu. The government is investigating how the contamination occurred. Official media is reporting that melamine, an industrial chemical rich in nitrogen, was added to the milk powder to help the food appear rich in protein, but it also prompted babies to develop kidney stones. Reports are now emerging of some mothers expressing doubts about the milk as early as March this year, on seeing that their babies’ urine was discoloured after drinking the milk.
    Government told- New Zealand Prime Minister, Helen Clark, said her government learned of the contamination problem on September 5, then three days later decided to inform Beijing after local Chinese officials refused to act.
    New Zealand Ambassador to China, Tony Brown, was deputised to tell the Chinese government. “We were the whistle-blowers and they (the Chinese Government) leapt in and ensured there was action on the ground,” Ms. Clark said. Fonterra had “been trying for weeks to get official recall and the local authorities in China would not do it”, Ms. Clark told TVNZ. “I think the first inclination was to try and put a towel over it and deal with it without an official recall,” she said. Meanwhile, Sanlu’s minority partner, Fonterra, has accused Sanlu of sabotage. “In this case we frankly have sabotage of a product,” Fonterra’s chief Executive, Andrew Ferrier, told reporters. “Our hearts go out to the parents and the infants who were affected,” he added.
    Under pressure in New Zealand to explain why Fonterra had not gone public with its concerns about the product sooner, Mr. Ferrier said his conscience was clear. He said Fonterra had known of the contamination in early August and wanted an immediate recall but that Sanlu had to abide by Chinese rules. "We together with Sanlu have done everything that we possibly could to get the product off the shelf," Ferrier said, speaking to New Zealand reporters by video from Singapore.
    Arrests: All 19 people detained in connection with the scandal so far are from the stations which pick up milk from dairy farmers, the state-controlled China Daily newspaper reported. It said the contamination probably happened at the milk-collecting stations. Meanwhile, state news agency, Xinhua, reported that two brothers had been arrested, having allegedly added melamine to the 3 tons of milk they sold on from farmers every day.
    Taiwan said late on Sunday it .was banning all imports of Sanlu dairy products immediately. It is not believed that the milk powder was exported to any other country. In 2004, at least 13 babies died in the eastern province of Anhui after drinking fake milk powder. Melamine was linked to the deaths and illness of thousands of cats and dogs in the United States last year after it was added to pet food components exported from China.
    Few cases of contamination have also been reported in the province of:
     

    A) Hebei and Jiangsu         

    B) Hebei and Tiangsu

    C) Nebei and Jiagsu                

    D) Debei and Ziagsu                     

    E) None of these     

    View Solution play_arrow
  • question_answer4)

    Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions that follows.
    A total of 1,253 Chinese children have fallen ill after drinking contaminated milk powder, and two babies have died, China's health ministry says. It confirmed the big jump in the numbers affected at a news conference. “As many as 10,000 infants may have drunk the contaminated Sanlu milk powder.” Vice Health Minister, Ma Shaowei, warned. Meanwhile, the New Zealand government has accused the company concerned and local officials failing to act.
    The company, at the centre of the growing scandal, Sanlu Group, is part-owned by New Zealand’s Fonterra Cooperative, the country's biggest dairy producer. The New Zealand Prime Minister, Helen dark, said her government contacted Beijing directly after alerting the company and officials but to no avail.
    Estimates rising: Mr. Ma said in Beijing that 340 children remained in hospital, and that out of these 53 were in a serious condition. He confirmed earlier reports in the state media that two babies had died from drinking milk powder produced by Sanlu Group, both of them in north-west China's Gansu province.
    Cases of contamination have also been reported in the provinces of Hebei and Jiangsu. The government is investigating how the contamination occurred. Official media is reporting that melamine, an industrial chemical rich in nitrogen, was added to the milk powder to help the food appear rich in protein, but it also prompted babies to develop kidney stones. Reports are now emerging of some mothers expressing doubts about the milk as early as March this year, on seeing that their babies’ urine was discoloured after drinking the milk.
    Government told- New Zealand Prime Minister, Helen Clark, said her government learned of the contamination problem on September 5, then three days later decided to inform Beijing after local Chinese officials refused to act.
    New Zealand Ambassador to China, Tony Brown, was deputised to tell the Chinese government. “We were the whistle-blowers and they (the Chinese Government) leapt in and ensured there was action on the ground,” Ms. Clark said. Fonterra had “been trying for weeks to get official recall and the local authorities in China would not do it”, Ms. Clark told TVNZ. “I think the first inclination was to try and put a towel over it and deal with it without an official recall,” she said. Meanwhile, Sanlu’s minority partner, Fonterra, has accused Sanlu of sabotage. “In this case we frankly have sabotage of a product,” Fonterra’s chief Executive, Andrew Ferrier, told reporters. “Our hearts go out to the parents and the infants who were affected,” he added.
    Under pressure in New Zealand to explain why Fonterra had not gone public with its concerns about the product sooner, Mr. Ferrier said his conscience was clear. He said Fonterra had known of the contamination in early August and wanted an immediate recall but that Sanlu had to abide by Chinese rules. "We together with Sanlu have done everything that we possibly could to get the product off the shelf," Ferrier said, speaking to New Zealand reporters by video from Singapore.
    Arrests: All 19 people detained in connection with the scandal so far are from the stations which pick up milk from dairy farmers, the state-controlled China Daily newspaper reported. It said the contamination probably happened at the milk-collecting stations. Meanwhile, state news agency, Xinhua, reported that two brothers had been arrested, having allegedly added melamine to the 3 tons of milk they sold on from farmers every day.
    Taiwan said late on Sunday it .was banning all imports of Sanlu dairy products immediately. It is not believed that the milk powder was exported to any other country. In 2004, at least 13 babies died in the eastern province of Anhui after drinking fake milk powder. Melamine was linked to the deaths and illness of thousands of cats and dogs in the United States last year after it was added to pet food components exported from China.
    The chemical compound added to the milk to appear as rich in protein was:
     

    A) Xinhua                        

    B) Urea

    C) Bulk powder                 

    D) Melamine

    E) None of these

    View Solution play_arrow
  • question_answer5)

    Good morning Chairman McInnis, Vice-Chairman Peterson, Congressman Inslee and Members of the Subcommittee. I am pleased to have the opportunity to appear before you and discuss the threat posed by eco-terrorism, as well as the measures being taken by the FBI and our law enforcement partners to address this threat.
    The FBI divides the terrorist threat facing the United States into two broad categories: international and domestic. International terrorism involves violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or any state, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or any state. Acts of international terrorism are intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population, influence the policy of a government, or affect the conduct of a government. These acts transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate, or the locale in which perpetrators operate.
    Domestic terrorism is the unlawful use, or threatened use, of violence by a group or individual based and operating entirely within the United States (or its territories) without foreign direction, committed against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.
    During the past decade we have witnessed dramatic changes in the nature of the terrorist threat. In the 1990s, right-wing extremism overtook left-wing terrorism as the most dangerous domestic terrorist threat to the country. During the past several years, special interest extremism, as characterised by the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) and the Earth Liberation Front (ELF), has emerged as a serious terrorist threat. Generally, extremist groups engage in much activity that is protected by constitutional guarantees of free speech and assembly. Law enforcement becomes involved when the volatile talk of these groups transgresses into unlawful action. The FBI estimates that the ALF/ELF has committed more than 600 criminal acts in the United States since 1996, resulting in damages in excess of 43 million dollars.
    Special interest terrorism differs from traditional right-wing and left-wing terrorism, in that extremist special interest groups seek to resolve specific issues, rather than affecting widespread political change. Special interest extremists continue to conduct acts of politically motivated violence to force segments of society, including the general public, to change attitudes about issues considered important to their causes. These groups occupy the extreme fringes of animal rights, pro-life, environmental, anti-nuclear, and other movements. Some special interest extremists- most notably within the animal rights and environmental movements- have turned increasingly toward vandalism and terrorist activity in attempts to further their causes.
    Since 1977, when disaffected members of the ecological preservation group, Greenpeace, formed the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and attacked commercial fishing operations by cutting drift nets, acts of "eco-terrorism" have occurred around the globe. The FBI defines eco-terrorism as the use or threatened use of violence of a criminal nature against innocent victims or property by an environmentally-oriented, subnational group for environmental-political reasons, or aimed at an audience beyond the target, often of a symbolic nature.
    In recent years, the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) has become one of the most active extremist elements in the United States. Despite the destructive aspects of ALF’s operations, its operational philosophy discourages acts that harm “any animal, human and non-human.” Animal rights' groups in the United States, including the ALF, have generally adhered to this mandate. The ALF, established in Great Britain in the mid- 1970s, is a loosely organised movement committed to ending the abuse and exploitation of animals. The American branch of the ALF began its operations in the late 1970s. Individuals become members of the ALF not by filing paperwork or paying dues, but simply by engaging in “direct action” against companies or individuals who utilise animals for research or economic gain. “Direct action” generally occurs in the form of criminal activity to cause economic loss or to destroy the victims' company operations. The ALF activists have engaged in a steadily growing campaign of illegal activity against fur companies, mink farms, restaurants, and animal research laboratories.
    Estimates of damage and destruction in the United States claimed by the ALF during the past ten years, as compiled by national organisations, such as the Fur Commission and the National Association for Biomedical Research (NABR), put the fur industry and medical research losses at more than 45 million dollars. The ALF is considered a terrorist group whose purpose is to bring about social and political change through the use of force and violence.
    During the last several years, some groups have emerged as a serious terrorist group:
     

    A) ALF and ELF               

    B) ALP and DLF

    C) ELF and BCF               

    D) ALE and ELF

    E) None of these

    View Solution play_arrow
  • question_answer6)

    Good morning Chairman McInnis, Vice-Chairman Peterson, Congressman Inslee and Members of the Subcommittee. I am pleased to have the opportunity to appear before you and discuss the threat posed by eco-terrorism, as well as the measures being taken by the FBI and our law enforcement partners to address this threat.
    The FBI divides the terrorist threat facing the United States into two broad categories: international and domestic. International terrorism involves violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or any state, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or any state. Acts of international terrorism are intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population, influence the policy of a government, or affect the conduct of a government. These acts transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate, or the locale in which perpetrators operate.
    Domestic terrorism is the unlawful use, or threatened use, of violence by a group or individual based and operating entirely within the United States (or its territories) without foreign direction, committed against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.
    During the past decade we have witnessed dramatic changes in the nature of the terrorist threat. In the 1990s, right-wing extremism overtook left-wing terrorism as the most dangerous domestic terrorist threat to the country. During the past several years, special interest extremism, as characterised by the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) and the Earth Liberation Front (ELF), has emerged as a serious terrorist threat. Generally, extremist groups engage in much activity that is protected by constitutional guarantees of free speech and assembly. Law enforcement becomes involved when the volatile talk of these groups transgresses into unlawful action. The FBI estimates that the ALF/ELF has committed more than 600 criminal acts in the United States since 1996, resulting in damages in excess of 43 million dollars.
    Special interest terrorism differs from traditional right-wing and left-wing terrorism, in that extremist special interest groups seek to resolve specific issues, rather than affecting widespread political change. Special interest extremists continue to conduct acts of politically motivated violence to force segments of society, including the general public, to change attitudes about issues considered important to their causes. These groups occupy the extreme fringes of animal rights, pro-life, environmental, anti-nuclear, and other movements. Some special interest extremists- most notably within the animal rights and environmental movements- have turned increasingly toward vandalism and terrorist activity in attempts to further their causes.
    Since 1977, when disaffected members of the ecological preservation group, Greenpeace, formed the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and attacked commercial fishing operations by cutting drift nets, acts of "eco-terrorism" have occurred around the globe. The FBI defines eco-terrorism as the use or threatened use of violence of a criminal nature against innocent victims or property by an environmentally-oriented, subnational group for environmental-political reasons, or aimed at an audience beyond the target, often of a symbolic nature.
    In recent years, the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) has become one of the most active extremist elements in the United States. Despite the destructive aspects of ALF’s operations, its operational philosophy discourages acts that harm “any animal, human and non-human.” Animal rights' groups in the United States, including the ALF, have generally adhered to this mandate. The ALF, established in Great Britain in the mid- 1970s, is a loosely organised movement committed to ending the abuse and exploitation of animals. The American branch of the ALF began its operations in the late 1970s. Individuals become members of the ALF not by filing paperwork or paying dues, but simply by engaging in “direct action” against companies or individuals who utilise animals for research or economic gain. “Direct action” generally occurs in the form of criminal activity to cause economic loss or to destroy the victims' company operations. The ALF activists have engaged in a steadily growing campaign of illegal activity against fur companies, mink farms, restaurants, and animal research laboratories.
    Estimates of damage and destruction in the United States claimed by the ALF during the past ten years, as compiled by national organisations, such as the Fur Commission and the National Association for Biomedical Research (NABR), put the fur industry and medical research losses at more than 45 million dollars. The ALF is considered a terrorist group whose purpose is to bring about social and political change through the use of force and violence.
    Which group is the most active extremist element in the United States?
     

    A) DLP                            

    B) ELF

    C) ALF                            

    D) BLF

    E) None of these

    View Solution play_arrow
  • question_answer7)

    Good morning Chairman McInnis, Vice-Chairman Peterson, Congressman Inslee and Members of the Subcommittee. I am pleased to have the opportunity to appear before you and discuss the threat posed by eco-terrorism, as well as the measures being taken by the FBI and our law enforcement partners to address this threat.
    The FBI divides the terrorist threat facing the United States into two broad categories: international and domestic. International terrorism involves violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or any state, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or any state. Acts of international terrorism are intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population, influence the policy of a government, or affect the conduct of a government. These acts transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate, or the locale in which perpetrators operate.
    Domestic terrorism is the unlawful use, or threatened use, of violence by a group or individual based and operating entirely within the United States (or its territories) without foreign direction, committed against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.
    During the past decade we have witnessed dramatic changes in the nature of the terrorist threat. In the 1990s, right-wing extremism overtook left-wing terrorism as the most dangerous domestic terrorist threat to the country. During the past several years, special interest extremism, as characterised by the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) and the Earth Liberation Front (ELF), has emerged as a serious terrorist threat. Generally, extremist groups engage in much activity that is protected by constitutional guarantees of free speech and assembly. Law enforcement becomes involved when the volatile talk of these groups transgresses into unlawful action. The FBI estimates that the ALF/ELF has committed more than 600 criminal acts in the United States since 1996, resulting in damages in excess of 43 million dollars.
    Special interest terrorism differs from traditional right-wing and left-wing terrorism, in that extremist special interest groups seek to resolve specific issues, rather than affecting widespread political change. Special interest extremists continue to conduct acts of politically motivated violence to force segments of society, including the general public, to change attitudes about issues considered important to their causes. These groups occupy the extreme fringes of animal rights, pro-life, environmental, anti-nuclear, and other movements. Some special interest extremists- most notably within the animal rights and environmental movements- have turned increasingly toward vandalism and terrorist activity in attempts to further their causes.
    Since 1977, when disaffected members of the ecological preservation group, Greenpeace, formed the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and attacked commercial fishing operations by cutting drift nets, acts of "eco-terrorism" have occurred around the globe. The FBI defines eco-terrorism as the use or threatened use of violence of a criminal nature against innocent victims or property by an environmentally-oriented, subnational group for environmental-political reasons, or aimed at an audience beyond the target, often of a symbolic nature.
    In recent years, the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) has become one of the most active extremist elements in the United States. Despite the destructive aspects of ALF’s operations, its operational philosophy discourages acts that harm “any animal, human and non-human.” Animal rights' groups in the United States, including the ALF, have generally adhered to this mandate. The ALF, established in Great Britain in the mid- 1970s, is a loosely organised movement committed to ending the abuse and exploitation of animals. The American branch of the ALF began its operations in the late 1970s. Individuals become members of the ALF not by filing paperwork or paying dues, but simply by engaging in “direct action” against companies or individuals who utilise animals for research or economic gain. “Direct action” generally occurs in the form of criminal activity to cause economic loss or to destroy the victims' company operations. The ALF activists have engaged in a steadily growing campaign of illegal activity against fur companies, mink farms, restaurants, and animal research laboratories.
    Estimates of damage and destruction in the United States claimed by the ALF during the past ten years, as compiled by national organisations, such as the Fur Commission and the National Association for Biomedical Research (NABR), put the fur industry and medical research losses at more than 45 million dollars. The ALF is considered a terrorist group whose purpose is to bring about social and political change through the use of force and violence.
    What is the full form of NABR?
     

    A) New Association for Biomedical Research

    B) National Association for Biomedical Research

    C) National Asset for Biomedical Research

    D) National Association for Bomb Research

    E) None of these

    View Solution play_arrow
  • question_answer8)

    Good morning Chairman McInnis, Vice-Chairman Peterson, Congressman Inslee and Members of the Subcommittee. I am pleased to have the opportunity to appear before you and discuss the threat posed by eco-terrorism, as well as the measures being taken by the FBI and our law enforcement partners to address this threat.
    The FBI divides the terrorist threat facing the United States into two broad categories: international and domestic. International terrorism involves violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or any state, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or any state. Acts of international terrorism are intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population, influence the policy of a government, or affect the conduct of a government. These acts transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate, or the locale in which perpetrators operate.
    Domestic terrorism is the unlawful use, or threatened use, of violence by a group or individual based and operating entirely within the United States (or its territories) without foreign direction, committed against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.
    During the past decade we have witnessed dramatic changes in the nature of the terrorist threat. In the 1990s, right-wing extremism overtook left-wing terrorism as the most dangerous domestic terrorist threat to the country. During the past several years, special interest extremism, as characterised by the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) and the Earth Liberation Front (ELF), has emerged as a serious terrorist threat. Generally, extremist groups engage in much activity that is protected by constitutional guarantees of free speech and assembly. Law enforcement becomes involved when the volatile talk of these groups transgresses into unlawful action. The FBI estimates that the ALF/ELF has committed more than 600 criminal acts in the United States since 1996, resulting in damages in excess of 43 million dollars.
    Special interest terrorism differs from traditional right-wing and left-wing terrorism, in that extremist special interest groups seek to resolve specific issues, rather than affecting widespread political change. Special interest extremists continue to conduct acts of politically motivated violence to force segments of society, including the general public, to change attitudes about issues considered important to their causes. These groups occupy the extreme fringes of animal rights, pro-life, environmental, anti-nuclear, and other movements. Some special interest extremists- most notably within the animal rights and environmental movements- have turned increasingly toward vandalism and terrorist activity in attempts to further their causes.
    Since 1977, when disaffected members of the ecological preservation group, Greenpeace, formed the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and attacked commercial fishing operations by cutting drift nets, acts of "eco-terrorism" have occurred around the globe. The FBI defines eco-terrorism as the use or threatened use of violence of a criminal nature against innocent victims or property by an environmentally-oriented, subnational group for environmental-political reasons, or aimed at an audience beyond the target, often of a symbolic nature.
    In recent years, the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) has become one of the most active extremist elements in the United States. Despite the destructive aspects of ALF’s operations, its operational philosophy discourages acts that harm “any animal, human and non-human.” Animal rights' groups in the United States, including the ALF, have generally adhered to this mandate. The ALF, established in Great Britain in the mid- 1970s, is a loosely organised movement committed to ending the abuse and exploitation of animals. The American branch of the ALF began its operations in the late 1970s. Individuals become members of the ALF not by filing paperwork or paying dues, but simply by engaging in “direct action” against companies or individuals who utilise animals for research or economic gain. “Direct action” generally occurs in the form of criminal activity to cause economic loss or to destroy the victims' company operations. The ALF activists have engaged in a steadily growing campaign of illegal activity against fur companies, mink farms, restaurants, and animal research laboratories.
    Estimates of damage and destruction in the United States claimed by the ALF during the past ten years, as compiled by national organisations, such as the Fur Commission and the National Association for Biomedical Research (NABR), put the fur industry and medical research losses at more than 45 million dollars. The ALF is considered a terrorist group whose purpose is to bring about social and political change through the use of force and violence.
    The Animal Liberation Front was formed in:
     

    A) Great Britain in 1970's.          

    B) USA in 1970.

    C) America in 1970.              

    D) China in 1970.

    E) None of these

    View Solution play_arrow

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