In octahedral complex ligands
approach along the axes. So axial orbitals lie
directly in the path of ligand and experience greater repulsion than the
tetrahedral complex ligands are closer to non- axial orbitals (and ).
So, non axial orbitals experience greater force of repulsion than the axial
approach of ligands in octahedral and tetrahedral fields is opposite of each
other. This is why splitting pattern of d-orbitals in octahedral and
tetrahedral geometry is reverse of each other.
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