9th Class Mathematics Probability


Category : 9th Class



  • Random experiment:

            An experiment in which all possible outcomes are known and the exact outcome cannot be predicted in advance is called a random experiment.

            e.g. (1) Tossing a coin.    (2) Rolling an unbiased die.


  • Sample space:

            The set S of all possible outcomes of a random experiment is called the sample space.

            e.g., (1) In tossing a coin, sample space (S) = {H, T}

            (2) In rolling a die, sample space (S) = {1,2,3,4,5,6}


  • Probability:

            Probability is a concept which numerically measures the degree of certainty of the occurrence of events.


  • Definition of probability:

            In a random experiment, let S be the sample space and let E be the event. Then probability of occurence of E

\[=P\left( E \right)=\frac{n\left( E \right)}{n\left( S \right)}\]

, where n (E) is the number of elements favourable in E, and n(S) is the number of distinct elements in S.

            Note:    (1) 0


             P (E)



            (2) If P (E) =1, then the event E is called a certain event and if P(E)=0 then the event E is called an impossible event .


            Important points:

            (a) A coin has 2 sides - one side is head (H) and the other side is tail (T).

            (b) A die is a cube with 6 faces - with numbers (or dots) 1 to 6 on each face.

            (c) Description of a normal pack (or deck) of cards (52):



The cards in each suit are Ace(A), King(K), Queen(Q), Jack(J), 10,9,8,7,6,5,4,3 and 2. The cards A, J, Q and K are called honours and the cards 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 and 10 are called numbered cards. The cards J, Q and K are called face cards.


Other Topics

Notes - Probability

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