6th Class Science Fibre to Fabric

Fibre to Fabric

Category : 6th Class

Fibre to Fabric




  • The thin strands of thread which are used to make yarns are called fibres.


  • Yarn is made by twisting the fibres.


  • Fibres are of two types - natural and synthetic.


  • Natural fibres are obtained either from plants or animals. e.g., cotton, jute, coconut, flax, silk, wool, etc.


  • Synthetic fibres are man-made fibres, which are made by using chemicals. e.g., polyester, acrylic, nylon, etc.


  • Separating seeds from cotton bolls is called ginning.


  • Yarn is spun from cotton fibre using takli or charkha.


  • Process of spinning yarn into a fabric is called weaving.


  • Jute fibre is made by immersing jute stem in water for a few days.


  • Woollen fabric is made by knitting. It is the criss-cross laying of yarns tightly using weaving machines or knitting rods. For example, a sweater is made of a fabric (wool) made of a single yarn (thread).


  • Woollen fibres are obtained from the fleece or fur of animals. Silk fibres are obtained from cocoons of silkworms.


  • Coconut fibre is obtained from the outer covering of the coconut fruit (coconut husk).


  • In ancient times people used leaves, animal skins and furs to cover themselves.


  • Vines, animal fleece or hair are also twisted together into long strands and were woven into fabrics.


Other Topics

Notes - Fibre to Fabric
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