Category : 6th Class
Conjunctions are words which join two sentences or two words. Actually, you can say the conjunctive words act as a bridge in between two sentences or words or numbers.
· Example 1
1. Entire world is made up of tiny particles and we are the part of this.
2. Two boys and three girls make five people.
3. To say anything is easy but its implementation is hard.
4. Do or die.
So, you can define conjunction as follows:
The words which join two sentences or words or number.
The words, 'and, but, or' are the conjunctive words.
But you must give attention that conjunction must be carefully distinguished from the relative pronouns, relative adverbs and prepositions which are connecting words.
· Example 2
1. This is the building that the contractor built.
2. This is the house where Ram lived.
3. Go there and get the packet.
These three sentences use relative pronouns, relative adverbs and conjunctions. In the first sentence ?that? is the relative pronoun which joins both the parts of the sentence. In the second sentence relative adverb 'where' modifies the verb and joins the two parts of the sentence. In the third sentence ?and? is the conjunction which joins the two parts of the sentence.
Actually the conjunction merely joins the two sentences while in case of relative pronouns, and relative adverb etc., they do more.
Some other words used as conjunctions in pairs:
1. Either - or
? Either go away or sit down.
2. Neither - nor
? Neither win nor lose.
3. Both - and
? We both lay on bed and sleep.
4. Though - yet
? Though he was feeling bad yet he never expressed.
5. Whether - or
? I do not bother whether he stays or not
6. Not only - but also
? Not only men but also women can join army
Classification of Conjunction
There are two types of conjunction
1. Coordinating conjunction
2. Subordinating conjunction
Those conjunctions which join two statements of equal rank. For example:
? Earth is moving around the Sun and Moon is moving around the Earth.
Types of coordinating conjunction
(a) Cumulative or Copulative
It merely adds one statement to another. For example:
? We carved not a line and we raised not a stone.
It shows contrast between two statements.
? I was annoyed, still I kept quiet.
(c) Disjunctive or Alternative
It shows a choice between two alternatives.
? Either he is mad, or he feigns madness.
It shows an inference. For example:
? Something certainly fell in, for I heard a splash.
A subordinating conjunction joins one clause to another to make a meaningful sentence. The subordinating conjunctions are classified according to their meaning.
· I returned home after he had gone. (Time)
· He may enter as he is a friend. (Cause)
· We eat so that we can live. (Purpose)
· He was so tired that he could scarcely stand. (Result)
· Rama will do if Hari does. (Condition)
· A book's book, although there's nothing in it. (Concession)
· He is stronger than me. (Comparison)
The chief subordinating conjunctions are:
· After, because, if, that, though, although, till, before, unless, as when, where, while
· The word 'than' is also a subordinating conjunction.
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