6th Class English Noun Kinds of Noun

Kinds of Noun

Category : 6th Class

*     Kinds of Noun

 

There are five kinds of noun

1. Proper Noun

2. Common Noun

3. Collective Noun

4. Material Noun

5. Abstract Noun  

 

*       Proper Noun

A proper noun is the special word (or name) that we use for a person, place or organization, like John, Marie, London, France or Sony. A name is a noun, but a very special noun - a proper noun.  

 

example.jpg

 

Steve, Ram, Sachin, Madhu

Delhi, Asia, America, India, Mumbai

Honda, Maruti

Nirulas

January, Sunday

Mahabharat, Titanic, Ganga, Yamuna etc.  

 

*       Common Noun

Definition: A common noun is word which is used as general/common for a group of people, places, things, or ideas.  

 

 

example.jpg  

 

People: man, girl, boy, mother, father, child, person, teacher, student

Animals : cat, dog, fish, ant, snake

Things : book, table, chair, phone

Places : school, city, building, shop

Ideas : love, hate, idea, pride  

 

*     The following is the list of common nouns:

Kitchen           Bedroom              Bathroom
Front room        Backyard               Front yard
Church           Grocery Store           Mall
Parade          Amusement Park       Restaurant
Tools              Car                      Library
Ocean            Forest                 Closet
Toys             Zoo                   Countries
Doctor's Office    Veterinarian             Sports
Buildings         Castle                Museums
Music Store       Pirates                 Farm
Cover           Cow                 Crop
Cross            Crowd                 Cry
Current           Cut                   Dad
Dance            Danger                Day
Dead             Deal                  Death
Decimal          Degree                Design
Dictionary        Division               Doctor
Dog              Dollar                 Door
Double           Draw                  Dream
Dress            Drink                  Drive
Drop             Duck                  Ear
Earth             Ease                  East
Edge             Effect                 Egg
Eight             Element               End
Enemy           Energy  

 

 

*        Collective Noun

Definition: The word that refers to a group or collection is called a Collective Noun. A collective noun is the name of a collection of persons or things taken together and spoken of as one whole.

 

 

example.jpg

Class, bundle, bunch, herd, swarm etc.    

 

*     The following is the list of collective nouns:

Collective Name                 Animal
Herd                             of antelope
Army                            of ants
Colony                            of ants
Swarm                           of ants
Flange                          of baboons
Congress                        of baboons
Tribe of baboons
Culture of bacteria
Colony of badgers
Sleuth of bears
Pack of bears (polar bears)
Colony of beavers
Lodge of beavers
Flight of bees
Grist of bees
Hive of bees
Swarm of bees
Congregation of birds
Dissimulation of birds
Flight of birds
Flock of birds
Volery of birds
Sedge of bitterns
Siege of bitterns
Herd of boar
Singular of boar
Sounder of boar
Chain of bobolinks
Brace of bucks
Oash of bucks
Herd of buffalo
Rabble of butterflies
Swarm of butterflies
Wake of buzzards
Flock of camels
Army of caterpillars
Clowder of cats
Clutter of cats
Dout of cats (house cats)
Letter of cats (kittens)
Drove of cattle
Herd of cattle
Kine of cattle
Team of cattle
Yoke of cattle (two)
Herd ' of chamois
Brood of chickens
Flock of chickens
Peep of chickens
Brood of chicks
Clutch of chicks
Cartload of chimpanzees
Herd of chinchillas
Bed of clams
Quiver of cobras
Rag of colts
Rake of colts
Bury of conies
Cover of coots
Flight of cormorants
Band of coyotes
Sedge of cranes
Siege of cranes
Congregation of crocodiles
Float of crocodiles
Herd of deer
Leash of deer
Parcel of deer
Bevy of deer (roe deer)
Pack of dogs
Litter of dogs (puppies)
Pod of dolphins
Drove of donkeys
Herd of donkeys
Pace of donkeys
Trip of dotterel
Bevy of doves
Cote of doves
Dole of doves
Dule of doves
Flight of doves
Flight of dragons
Weyr of dragons
Wing of dragons
Brace of ducks
Flock of ducks
Flush of ducks
Paddling of ducks
Raft of ducks
Team of ducks
Aerie of eagles
Convocation of eagles
Swarm of eels
Herd of elephants
Parade of elephants
Gang of elk
Herd of elk
Mob of emus
Business of ferrets
cast of ferrets
Fesnying of ferrets
charm of finches
Catch of fish
Haul of fish
Run of fish
shoal of fish
Swarm of flies
Lead of foxes
Leash of foxes
Skulk of foxes
Army of frogs
Colony of frogs
Knot of frogs
Flock of geese
Gaggle of geese
skein of geese (in flight)
wedge of geese (flying in a V)
Horde of gerbils
corps of giraffes
Herd of giraffes
Tower of giraffes
Cloud of gnats
horde of gnats
Swarm of gnats
Herd of gnus
Drove of goats
Herd of goats
Tribe of goats
Tribe of goats
charm of goldfinches
GIint of goldfish
Band of gorillas
Skein of goslings
Leash of greyhounds
Covey of grouse
Pack of grouse
Colony of gulls
Group of guinea pigs
Horde of hamsters
Drove of hares
Down of hares
Husk of hares
Leash of hares
Trace of hares
Trip of hares
Warren of hares
Aerie of hawks
Cast of hawks
Kettle of hawks
Array of hedgehogs
Prickle of hedgehogs
Bnood of hens
Hedge of herons
Sedge of herons
Siege of herons
Shoal of herrings
Crash of hippopotami
Herd of hippopotami
Bloat of hippopotami
Drift of hogs
Parcel of hogs
Passel of hogs
Nest of hornets
Harras of horses
herd of horses
Stable of horses
Team of horses
troop of horses
cry of hounds
Mute of hounds
Pack of hounds
Charm of hummingbirds
Clan of hyenas
Band of jays
Party of jays
Scold of jays
Smack of jellyfish
Herd of kangaroos
Mob of kangaroos
Troop of kangaroos
Ascension of larks
Exaltation of larks
Leap of leopards
Leep of leopards
lepe of leopards
Pride of lions
Sault of lions
Sowse of lions
Troop of lions
lounge of lizards
herd of llamas
Plague of locusts
Tidings                          of magpies
Sord of mallards
Stud                            of mares
Richness                        of martens
Horde                           of mice
Mischief                         of mice
Nest                            of mice
Company                        of moles
Labor                           of moles
Movement                       of moles
Cartload                         of monkeys

 

*        Material Noun

Definition: The name of a thing that exists only in the form of a mass and cannot be counted is called a Material Noun. A Material Noun is the name of a substance which can be measured or weighed.  

See the following material nouns

Glass, iron, clay, frost, rain, snow, wheat, wine, tea, sugar, etc.  

 

*    They May be Placed in Groups as Follows

(1) The metals: Iron, gold, platinum etc.

(2) Products spoken of in bulk: tea, sugar, rice wheat, etc.

(3) Geological bodies: mud, sand, granite, rock, stone etc.

(4) Natural phenomena: rain, dew, cloud, frost, mist etc.

(5) Various manufactures: cloth (and the different kinds of clothes), potash, soap, rubber, paint, celluloid etc.        

 

*        Abstract Noun

Definition: The name given to a quality, state or action is called an Abstract Noun. A noun that is abstract is an aspect, concept, idea, experience, state of being, trait, quality, feeling, or other entity which cannot be experienced with the five senses.  

Common Abstract Nouns  

Emotions/Feelings

Love                                 Hate                                 Anger

Peace                               Pride                               Sympathy

 

States/Attributes

Bravery                            Loyalty                           Honesty

Integrity                          Compassion                Charity

Success                            Courage                         Deceit

Skill                                    Beauty                            Brilliance

Pain                                   Misery

 

Ideas/Concepts/Ideals

Beliefs                              Dreams                           Justice

Truth                                 Faith                                 Liberty

Knowledge                    Thought                         Information

Culture                            Trust                                 Dedication

 

Movements/Events

Progress                        Education                      Hospitality

Leisure                            Trouble                           Friendships

Relaxation

 

Abstract forms of nouns are very common and an important part ofcommunication. In many cases these types of nouns are derived from an additionof a suffix or alteration in the root word. Child is a concrete noun, for example,but childhood is an intangible state, so it is abstract. Nouns with the followingsuffixes are often abstract:

  • -tion                     (Example: Expect Expection)
  • -ism                      (Example: Hero  Heroism)
  • -ity                        (Example: Brief  Brevity)
  • -ment                  (Example Agree  Agreement)
  • -ness                    (Example Short  Shortness)
  • -age                      (Example Bond  Bondage)
  • -ance/-ence     (Example Silent  Silence)
  • -ship                     (Example Friend  Friendship)
  • -ability                (Example Movable  Movability)

 

 

*     Common noun that can be changed into abstract noun:  

Common Nouns Abstract Nouns
Agent agency
Boy boyhood
Child childhood
Mother motherhood
Friend friendship
Hero heroism
Brave bravery
Dark darkness
Deep depth
False falsehood
Great greatness
High height
Act action
Admit admission
Agree agreement
Behave behaviour
Die death
Enter entrance
Priest priesthood
King kingship
Slave slavery
Robber robbery
Fellow fellowship
Brother                           brotherhood
Honest                           honesty
Kind                              kindness
Long                             length
Short                             shortness
True                              truth
Wide                             width
Fly                               flight
Grow                             growth
Expect                            expectation
Starve                            starvation
Obey                             obedience
Think                             thought
Punish                            Punishment

 

Nouns are also often described as "countable" or "uncountable".  

 

*      Countable

Countable Nouns are the things that we can count.  

 

 

example.jpg

 

dog, cat, animal, man, person

bottle, box, litre

coin, note, dollar

cup, plate, fork

table, chair, suitcase, bag  

Countable nouns can be singular or plural:

   The cat is playing.

   The cats are playing  

 

*       Uncountable

Uncountable nouns are the substances, concepts that we cannot count.  

 

 

example.jpg

 

Music, art, love, happiness advice, information, butter, water electricity, gas, power, etc.

We usually treat uncountable nouns as singular. We use a singular verb. For example: This news is very important. Your luggage looks heavy.  

Read the following examples.

(i)      Alisha has grey hair                                                                               Uncountable

There is a strand hair in my food.                                                      Countable

(ii)    This statue is made of stone.                                                             Uncountable

I have a piece of stone in my hand.                                                   Countable

(iii)   There is cheese in the fridge.                                                           Uncountable

There were dozens of cheese in the fridge.                                 Countable

(iv)    Sound cannot travel in vacuum.                                                      Uncountable

Animals make different kinds of sounds.                                      Countable

(v)     Noise can make a person deaf.                                                        Uncountable

There are many kinds of noises in the forest at night.                  Countable  

 

Some nouns are used both as uncountable and countable.  

 

Tea, coffee, shampoo, cake, land, rain, snow, abuse, fear, business, life, pain, protest, pleasure, war, success, difficult, toothpaste.

 

 

Summary.jpg  

 

  • Noun is the name of a person, place, animal, bird or thing.
  • A proper Noun is the name of a particular person, place, thing or animal.
  • A common noun is the name given to the class of person, place, animal or thing.
  • A collective noun is the name of a group or collection of person, things or animals.
  • A material noun is the name of a substance which can be measured or weighed.
  • An abstract noun is the name of some state, quality, feeling or idea that we can only think of or feel but cannot touch or See.
  • All common nouns and collective Nouns are regarded as countable.
  • Proper nouns are also countable.
  • Abstract nouns and material nouns are generally uncountable.  

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