12th Class Biology Population (Demography) Population trends in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh

Population trends in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh

Category : 12th Class

Population : India’s population according to the provisional totals of Census of India 2001 at the 00.00 hours of Ist March 2001 is 1,027,015,247, out of which the population of Madhya Pradesh is 60,385,118, state thus contributing 5.87% share to India’s total population.

Madhya Pradesh is the 7th largest state population-wise whereas it is 2nd in terms of its geographical spread and contributes 9.38% to the country’s total area of 3,287,263 sq.km.

 

Population 1901 to 2001 in Madhya Pradesh

Year

Population

Year

Population

1901

12,679,214

1961

23,217,910

1911

14,249,382

1971

30,016,625

1921

13,906,774

1981

38,168,507

1931

15,326,879

1991

48,566,242

1941

17,175,722

2001

60,385,118

1951

18,614,931

 

 

Growth Rate : The population growth rate in 2001 has come down to 24.34% from 26.75% in the 1991 and is even less than 24.73% growth rate of 1961 census. The growth rate of 24.34% of the state is higher than the growth rate of 18.06% of newly created state of Chhattisgarh. The average growth rate for the country as a whole is 21.34% and there are 12 districts viz. Bhind, Damoh, Shahdol, Neemuch, East Nimar, Betul, Katani, Dindori, Mandla, Chhindwara, Seoni and Balaghat where the population growth is less then the country’s average with Balaghat having the lowest growth rate of 5.85%. In fact, Balaghat is one such district which over the decades have been registering the lowest population growth rate in the state, except in 1981 when it was replaced by Mandla with population growth rate of 16.28%.

Density : Before the creation of new state of Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh in the country was largest state with an area of 443,436 sq. km. But today it occupies the second position in the country with an area of 308,245 sq. km., Rajasthan becomes the largest state in the country with an area of 342,239 sq.km. and Maharashtra the third largest with an area of 307,713 sq.km.

Density is the number of persons per sq.km. The density of Madhya Pradesh today is 196 persons per sq.km. which is less than country’s density of 324. Density-wise Madhya Pradesh is the 13th in ascending order, whereas population-wise it holds the 7th position. Higher density may indicate more urbanization but at the same time low density also means better space. Though, state’s density is low compared to country’s density but in 100 years period of 1901 to 2001, the state’s density has increased by 378.05% whereas country’s density has increased by 343.84%.

 

Population Density 1991 to 2001 in Madhya Pradesh

Year's

Population density

1901

41

1911

46

1921

45

1931

50

1941

56

1951

60

1961

75

1971

97

1981

124

1991

158

2001

196

 

Sex-Ratio : The sex ratio in Madhya Pradesh has always been adverse to females as has been the case in most of the states in the country as a whole i.e., the number of women per thousand men is always less than one thousand. The sex-ratio in entire country this time has registered a upward trend compared to 1991 census and so also in Madhya Pradesh. Whereas country’s sex ratio has gone up from 927 to 933, Madhya Pradesh ratio has increased form 912 in 1991 to 920 in 2001.

 

Sex Ratio 1901-2001 Madhya Pradesh and Adjoining States

Year's

Madhya Pradesh

Chhattisgarh

1901

972

1046

1911

967

1039

1921

949

1041

1931

947

1043

1941

946

1032

1951

945

1024

1961

932

1008

1971

920

998

1981

921

996

1991

912

985

2001

921

990

 

Literacy : A person is considered literate if he is able to read and write with understanding in any language. One who can merely read but cannot write is not considered literate. To qualify as a literate it is not necessary that a person should have received any formal education.

In three censuses of 1961, 1971 and 1981, children in the age group of 0-4 were considered as illiterate. But from 1991 Census onward, 0-6 age group is being considered as illiterate. In 1951 the literacy rate was calculated on the basis of a sample and not on the basis of 100% enumeration of illiterate population. In the year 1991, Indore was the most literate district in the state with literacy rate of 66.32%, but in the following decade Narsimhapur has replaced Indore with literacy rate risen to 78.34% from 55.65% in 1991. 24 districts have literacy rate lower than country’s average. Jhabua is the lowest literacy district with rate of 37.08% followed by Badwani with literacy rate 41.35% and Sheopur being the third in that order with litercy rate 46.61%.

 

Literacy Rate 1961-2001 in Madhya Pradesh

Years

1961

1971

1981

1991

2001

Literacy Rate

21.41

27.27

38.63

44.67

64.11

 

A-Demograpic profile of Madhya Pradesh (Highlights)

S.N.

Particulars

Figures

Rank in the country

1.

Total population

60348023

07

2.

Growth Rate

24.26

12

3.

Density

196

17

4.

Sex-Ratio

919

21

5.

Sex Ratio (0-6)

932

 

6.

Literacy Rates

 

 

 

(i) Total

64.11

18

 

(ii) Males

76.06

15

 

(iii) Females

52.16

22

 

Highest and lowest districts of Madhya Pradesh

S.N.

Particulars

District

 

 

Highest

Lowest

 

 

Name Figures Name Figures

1.

Population

     

 

 

(i) Total

Indore

2465827

Harda

474416

 

(ii) Rural

Rewa

1652743

Bhopal

360792

 

(iii) Urban

Indore

1730363

Dindori

26870

 

% of Population

 

 

 

 

2.

Growth Rate

Bhopal

36.41

Balaghat

9.67

3.

Density

Bhopal

665

Dindori

78

4.

Sex-Ratio

Balaghat

1022

Morena

822

5.

Literacy Rate

 

 

 

 

 

(i) Total

Narsimhapur

77.73

Jhabua

36.89

 

(ii) Males

Narsimhapur

86.13

Jhabua

47.97

 

(iii) Females

Narsimhapur

68.47

Jhabua

25.7

 

A-Demograpic profile of Chhattisgarh (Highlights)

S.N.

Particulars

Figures

Rank in the country

1.

Total population

20833803

17

2.

Growth Rate

18.27

19

3.

Density

154

20

4.

Sex-Ratio

989

02

5.

Sex Ratio (0-6)

975

 

6.

Literacy Rates

 

 

 

(i) Total

64.66

17

 

(ii) Males

77.38

12

 

(iii) Females

51.85

19

 

Highest and lowest districts of Chhattisgarh

S.N.

Particulars

District

 

 

Highest

Lowest

 

 

Name Figures Name Figures

1.

Population

     

 

 

(i) Total

Raipur

3016930

Kawardha

584552

 

(ii) Rural

Raipur

2099312

Koriya

411536

 

(iii) Urban

Durg

1072309

Kanker

31385

 

% of Population

 

 

 

 

2.

Growth Rate

Surguja

24.67

Mahasamund

8.73

3.

Density

Durg

329

Dantewada

41

4.

Sex-Ratio

Rajnandgaon

1023

Koriya

946

5.

Literacy Rate

 

 

 

 

 

(i) Total

Rajnandgaon

77.21

Dantewada

30.17

 

(ii) Males

Rajnandgaon

87.17

Dantewada

39.75

 

(iii) Females

Rajnandgaon

67.55

Dantewada

20.75



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