12th Class Political Science Solved Paper - Political Science-2013 Delhi Set-I

  • question_answer
    Study the passage carefully -and answer the questions that follow:
    The best way to respond to regional aspirations is through democratic negotiations rather than through suppression. Look at the situation in the eighties - militancy had erupted in Punjab; problems were persisting in North East; students in Assam were agitating; Kashmir valley was on the boil. Instead of treating these as simple law and order problems, the Government of India reached negotiated settlement with regional movements.
    (i) How are regional aspirations dangerous for the unity of the country?
    (ii) What is meant by democratic negotiations?
    (iii) Who was leading the agitation in Assam?
    (iv) What steps were taken by the Government of India to respond to the regional aspirations?
    Study the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:
    In fact, the BSP under Kanshi Ram's leadership was envisaged as an organization based on pragmmatic politics. It derived confidence from the fact that the Bahujans (SCs, STs, OBCs and religious minorities) constituted the majority of the population and were a formidable political force on the strength of their numbers.
    (i) Which organization was formed by Kanshi Ram?
    (ii) Give the full form of BSP.
    (iii) Name any two religious minorities.
    (iv) Why are the Bahujans considered a formidable political force?


    (i) Regional aspirations are dangerous for the unity of the country because people give more importance to their region than to the country. Even after 67 years of independence some of the issues of national integration are not completely solved.
    (ii) Settlement of disputes by peaceful method is known as democratic negotiations. Regional movements should be solved through political settlement i.e., democratic negotiations rather than suppression.
    (iii) All Assam Students Union (AASU) and Asom Gana Parishad (AGP) led the agitations in Assam.
    (iv) The Government of India reached negotiated settlement with regional movement.  For example, the Mizoram problem was solved by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi through negotiations. Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi made serious efforts to solve the problems of foreigners of Assam and ultimately, an agreement was signed on 15 August 1985. The Govt of India agreed to take proper steps for the economic development of Assam. Moreover, special provisions are mentioned in the Constitution to satisfy the regional aspirations.
    (i) BSP was formed by- Kanshi Ram.
    (ii) Bahujan Samajwadi Party.
    (iii) Muslim and Sikhs.
    (iv) Bahujans are considered a formidable political force because Bahujans are supported by S.C., backward classes, Dalits, etc.

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