12th Class Political Science Solved Paper - Political Science-2013 Delhi Set-I

  • question_answer
    'States have common but differentiated responsibility & towards environment' Analyse the statement giving suitable examples.
    Analyse India's stand on environmental issues.


    The relevant pan of die Rio Declaration says that a Stare shall co-operate in the spirit of a global partnership to conserve, protect and restore the health and integrity of earth?s ecosystem. In view of the different contributions of the global environment degradation, stares have common but differentiated responsibilities. The developed countries acknowledge die responsibility that they bear in the international pursuit of the sustainable development in view of the pressure their societies place on the global environment and of the technological, and financial resources they command?. The largest share of historical and current global emissions has originated in the developed countries. The per capita emissions in the developing countries are still relatively low. Hence India, China and other developing countries were exempted from the requirements of the Kyto Protocol. Under die Kyoto Protocol, industrial countries are required to cut their greenhouse emissions.
    India signed and ratified in 1997 Kyoto Protocol in August 2002. At the G-8 meeting in June 2005, India pointed out that the per capita emission rates of the developing countries are a tiny fraction of those in. the developed world. India is of view that the major responsibility of curbing emission depends upon developed countries, which have accumulated emission over a long period of time. India?s international negotiating position depends on the principles of historical responsibilities, as enshrined in UNFCCC. The Electricity Act of 2003 encourages use of renewable energy.

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