12th Class History Solved Paper - History 2014 Outside Delhi Set-I

  • question_answer
    How were the subsistence and commercial production closely intertwined in an average peasant's holding during the Mughal period in 16th and 17th centuries? Explain.


    (i) Agriculture in medieval India was not only for subsistence, we find the term ?Jins-i-kamil? (perfect crops) in our sources.
    (ii) The Mughal state also boosted peasants to cultivate such crops as they generated more revenue. Example: Cotton, sugarcane etc.
    (iii) Cotton was grown over a Vast Swathe of territory spread over Central India and the Deccan Plateau and Bengal was famous for its sugar. These cash crops would include oil seeds and lentils also.
    (iv) During the 17th century many new crops from different parts of the world reached the Indian subcontinent. For example, maize (makka) came from Africa and Spain. Vegetables and fruits like potatoes, tomatoes, chilies and pineapple and papaya were introduced from the new world. It clearly shows that subsistence and commercial production were closely intertwined in an average peasant?s holding.

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