UPSC General Studies Solved Paper - General Studies-2015

  • question_answer
    With reference to Rowlatt Satyagraha, which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    1. The Rowlatt Act was based on the recommendations of the 'Sedition Committee'.
    2. In Rowlatt Satyagraha, Gandhiji tried to utilise the Home Rule League.
    3. Demonstrations against the arrival of Simon Commission coincided with Rowlatt Satyagraha.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A)  Only 1             

    B)  1 and 2

    C)  2 and 3           

    D)  All of these

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    Exp. [b] The Rowlatt Committee was a Sedition Committee appointed in 1918 by the British Indian Government with Justice Rowlatt, an English Judge, as its President. The purpose of the committee was to evaluate political terrorism in India, especially Bengal and Punjab in March, 1919, the government passed the Rowlatt Act even though every single Indian member of the Central Legislature Council opposed it. Gandhiji called for a nationwide protest in February, 1919, but soon having seen the constitutional protest fail, he organised a Satyagraha Sabha and roped in younger members of Home Rule Leagues and the Pan Islamists. The catalyst to the new phase of the movement was provided when, in November, 1927, the British Government appointed the Indian Statutory Commission, known popularly after the name of its Chairman as the Simon Commission, to go into the question of further constitutional reform. Hence, option  is correct.

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