UPSC General Studies Solved Paper - General Studies-2015

  • question_answer
    Which one of the following is associated with the issue of control and phasing out of the use of ozone-depleting substances?

    A)  Bretton Woods Conference         

    B)  Montreal Protocol

    C)  Kyoto Protocol

    D)                     Nagoya Protocol

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    Exp. [b] The Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone lays' was designed to reduce the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances in order to reduce their abundance in the atmosphere, and to protect the Earth's fragile ozone layer. Bretton Woods Conference Bretton Woods a place in New Hampshire State of USA, just like Basel is a city of Switzerland. In 1949, It resulted into formation of four extremely important things IMF, World Bank, General Agreement on Trade and Tarrif (GATT) later became WTO, and Fixed Exchange Rate System (which was discarded in 1970s). Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto (Japan) on 11th December, 1997. It entered into force on 16th February, 2005. It commits industrialised countries to stabilise Green House Gas emissions based on the principles of the convention. Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilisation to the Convention on Biological Diversity is a supplementary agreement the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), hence option [d] is correct.

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