UPSC General Studies Solved Paper - General Studies-2015

  • question_answer
    Exp. [b] In Feudalism, there was neither a very strong centralised political authority nor a very work provincial or local political authority existed. Feudalism was synonym for 'politically decentralised'. In a decentralised kingdom, the monarch's power was limited by the strength of local lords, who had significant autonomy (even though they were officiary subject to the monarch's rule). The term feudal could therefore be applied to any state that existed as a collection of significantly autonomous regions. A person became a vassal by pledging political allegiance and providing military, political, and financial service to a lord. A lord possessed complete sovereignty over land, or acted in the service of another sovereign, usually a king. Hence, option is correct
    Consider the following.
    The arrival of Babur into India led to the
    1. introduction of gunpowder in the sub-continent.
    2. introduction of the arch and dome in the: region's architecture.
    3. establishment of Timurid dynasty in the region.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A)  1 and 2

    B)  Only 3

    C)  1 and 3           

    D)  All of these

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    Exp. [b] Gunpowder and gunpowder weapons were transmitted to India through the Mongol invasions of India. It was written in the Tarikh-I Firishta (1609) that the envoy of the Mongol ruler Hulagu Khan was presented with a pyrotechnics display upon his arrival in Delhi in 1258 AD. Firearms known as top-o-tufak also existed in the Vijayanagara empire by as early as 1366 AD. The Delhi Sultanate brought two new architectural ideas, the pointed arch and the dome. The dome forms the major decorative component in Islamic buildings, and soon the same was introduced in several other structures. The true or pointed arch used during this period, was totally dissimilar to that of the arches which were being constructed within the country before. The Mughal Empire formed in 1526 by Babur (1483-1530 AD). Successfully conquered Delhi from Afghanistan and established the. Timurid Dynasty there. Hence, option  is correct.

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