UPSC General Studies Solved Paper - General Studies-2015

  • question_answer
    With reference to the art and archaeological history of India, which one among the following was made earliest?

    A)  Lingaraja Temple at Bhubaneswar

    B)  Rock-cut Elephant at Dhauli

    C)  Rock-cut Monuments at Mahabalipuram

    D)  Varaha Image at Udayagiri

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    Exp. [b] Lingaraja temple of Bhubaneswar is believed to date back to the later half of 11th century. However, some people are of the belief that, some parts of the temple have been there since the 6th century. The rock-cut elephant above the edicts is the earliest Buddhist sculpture of Odisha. Mamallapuram, the city of Mamalla, is after the title of great Pallava ruler Narasimhavarman-1 (630-68 AD). It was a sea-port during the time of Periplus (1st century AD) and Ptolemy (140 AD) and many Indian colonists sailed to South-East Asia through this port town. While, there is some evidence of architectural activity going back to the period of Mahendravarman-1 (600-30 AD), the father of Mamalla, most of the monuments like rock-cut rathas, sculptured scenes on open rocks like Arjuna's penance, the caves of Govardhanadhari and Mahishasuramardini. The most famous carving at Udayagiri is a five-foot (or so) tall statue of Vishnu's Boar Avatar (here show rescuing the Earth, who is hanging on his tusk), with the worshipful masses standing in homage by the sides. This image was in the personal temple of King Chandra Gupta II (ruled 376-415 AD), and his choice of the Varaha Avatar carries enormous symbolic weight. So, option [b] is correct.

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