UPSC General Studies Solved Paper - General Studies-2015

  • question_answer
    Which of the following kingdoms were associated with the life of the Buddha?
    1. Avanti                      
    2. Gandhara
    3. Kosala                      
    4. Magadha
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A)  1, 2 and 3

    B)                     2 and 3

    C)  1, 3 and 4                    

    D)  3 and 4

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    Exp. [d] Buddha gained Enlightenment at Gaya (now called Bodh Gaya) which came under Magadha (now present day Bihar). Buddha passed the greater part of his monastic life at Sravasti (Savathhi), capital of Kosala. The King of Kosala, Prasenjit (Pasendi) was a devout disciple of Buddha. During the times of Buddha, the king of Avanti was Chandpajjota. He sent his son Mahakacchana along with seven others to invite Buddha to Avanti. Buddha preaches them and all of them attain arhatship. There is no direct link between Gandhara and Buddha's life although Gandhara later flourished as a centre of Buddhist art and architecture. Hence, option d is correct.

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