JEE Main & Advanced JEE Main Paper (Held on 10-4-2019 Morning)

  • question_answer A thin disc of mass M and radius R has mass per unit area \[\sigma (r)=k{{r}^{2}}\] where r is the distance from its centre. Its moment of inertia about an axis going through its centre of mass and perpendicular to its plane is : [JEE Main 10-4-2019 Morning]

    A) \[\frac{M{{R}^{2}}}{6}\]              

    B) \[\frac{M{{R}^{2}}}{3}\]

    C) \[\frac{2M{{R}^{2}}}{3}\]

    D) \[\frac{M{{R}^{2}}}{2}\]

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    \[{{I}_{Disc}}=\int\limits_{0}^{R}{(dm)}\,{{r}^{2}}\Rightarrow {{I}_{Disc}}=\int\limits_{0}^{R}{(\sigma 2\pi rdr)}{{r}^{2}}\] \[{{I}_{Disc}}=\int\limits_{0}^{R}{(k}{{r}^{2}}2\pi rdr){{r}^{2}}\]Mass of disc \[{{I}_{Disc}}=2\pi k\int\limits_{0}^{R}{{{r}^{5}}}dr\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,M=\int\limits_{0}^{R}{(}2\pi rdr)k{{r}^{2}}\] \[{{I}_{Disc}}=2\pi k\left( \frac{{{r}^{6}}}{6} \right)_{0}^{R}\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,M=2\pi k\int\limits_{0}^{R}{{{r}^{3}}dr}\] \[{{I}_{Disc}}=2\pi k\frac{{{R}^{6}}}{6}\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\left. \,\,\,\,\,\,\,M=2\pi k\frac{{{r}^{4}}}{4} \right|_{0}^{R}\] \[{{I}_{Disc}}=\frac{\pi k{{R}^{6}}}{3}=\left( \frac{\pi k{{R}^{4}}}{2} \right)\frac{{{R}^{2}}2}{3}\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,M=2\pi k\frac{{{R}^{4}}}{4}\] \[{{I}_{Disc}}=\frac{M2{{R}^{2}}}{3}\] \[{{I}_{Disc}}=\frac{2}{3}M{{R}^{2}}\]                       


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