|With reference to Swadeshi. Movement, consider the following statements:|
|1. The Swadeshi Movement had its genesis in the anti-partition movement of Bengal|
|2. In the Banaras session, 1905, the Indian National Congress took up the Swadeshi and Boycott Movement call at all India level|
|3. The 1905, Congress Session Presided over by Lajpat Rai|
|4. In 1906 session, it was declared that the goal of the Indian National Congress was 'self-governance or Swaraj'. Which of the statements given above are correct?|
A) 1 and 2 only
B) 1 and 4 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) 2 and 4 only
Correct Answer: B
Solution :[b] The Swadeshi Movement started as the anti-partition movement to oppose the British decision of the partition of Bengal. The Indian National Congress lookup the Swadeshi call and the Banaras Session 1905, presided over by G K. Gokhale, supported the Swadeshi and Boycott Movement for Bengal. The militant nationalists lead by Tilak, Bipin Chandra pal, Lajpat Rai and Aurobindo Ghosh were, however, in favour of extending the movement to the rest of India and carrying it beyond the programme of just Swadeshi and boycott to a full-fledged political mass struggle. The main aim was now Swaraj and the abrogation of partition had become the pettiest and narrowest of all political objects. The Moderates, by and large, were not as yet willing to go that far. In 1906, however, the Indian National Congress at its Calcutta Session, presided over by Dadabhai Naoroji, took a major step forward. Naoroji in his presidential address declared that the goal of the Indian National Congress was 'self-government or Swaraj like that of the United Kingdom or the Colonies'.
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