SSC Economics Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-7

  • question_answer
    Consider the following regarding zero-based budgeting:
    1. It was first adopted by Jimmy Carter in US.
    2. It was introduced as a concept by Peter Phyrr.
    3. According to the concept, government prepares budget in such a way that there is no budget in the past so that each item of expenditure on its merit rather than with reference to the past. Choose the correct one:

    A)  Only 1 and 2    

    B)  Only 2 and 3

    C)  Only 1 and 3    

    D)  All 1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] Zero-based budgeting (ZBB) is a method of budgeting in which all expenses must be justified for each new period. Zero-based budgeting starts from a "zero base" and every function within an organization is analysed for its needs and costs. Budgets are then built around what is needed for the upcoming period, regardless of whether the budget is higher or lower than the previous one. ZBB allows top-level strategic goals to be implemented into the budgeting process by tying them to specific functional areas of the organization, where costs can be first grouped, then measured against previous results and current expectations.

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