SSC Geography Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-7

  • question_answer
    Following are some facts about a crop which is indigenous to India:
    1. It requires a hot and humid climate with average temperature of \[2{}^\circ -27{}^\circ C\] and average annual rainfall of \[75-150\,cm.\]
    2. It is a long duration crop which requires 10-15 months to nature.
    3. It quickly exhausts the fertility of soil and heavy dose of chemical fertilizers is required.
    4. Frost is injurious to its growth. The above mentioned facts pertain to which of the following crops.

    A)  Tobacco          

    B)  Cotton

    C)  Sugarcane        

    D)  Jute

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    [c] Sugarcane is a tropical, perennial grass that forms lateral shoots at the base to produce multiple stems, typically three to four metres high and about five cm in diameter. The stems grow into cane stalk, which when mature constitutes approximately 75% of the entire plant. A sugarcane crop is sensitive to the climate, soil type, irrigation, fertilizers, insects, disease control, varieties, and the harvest period. The average yield of cane stalk is 60-70 tonnes per hectare per year. However, this figure can vary between 30 and 180 tonnes per hectare depending on knowledge and crop management approach used in sugarcane cultivation. Sugarcane is a cash crop, but it is also used as livestock fodder.

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