SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-5

  • question_answer
    Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association (ATLA) was founded by

    A)  Anasuya Sarabhai

    B)  N.M. Joshi

    C)  V.V. Gin          

    D)  M.K. Gandhi

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

    [a] Anasuya Sarabhai was a pioneer of the women's labour movement in India. She founded the Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association (Majoor Mahajan Sangh), India's oldest union of textile workers, in 1920. She decided to get involved in the labour movement after witnessing exhausted female mill workers returning home after a 36 hour shift. She helped organise textile workers in a 1914 strike in Ahmedabad. She was also involved in a month-long strike in 1918, where weavers were asking for a 50 percent increase in wages and were being offered 20 percent. Gandhi, a friend of the family, was by then acting as a mentor to Sarabhai. Gandhi began a hunger strike on the workers behalf, and the workers eventually obtained a 35 percent increase.

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