SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-5

  • question_answer
    Bring out the correct statement regarding the first Buddhist Council.
    (i) Ananda and Upali laid down the Suta Pitaka and Vinaya Pitaka respectively.
    (ii) Its proceedings were conducted in Sanskrit.
    (iii) Its main purpose was to maintain the purity of Buddha's teachings.

    A)  i and iv

    B)  All of them

    C)  i and ii 

    D)  ii, iii, iv

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

    [a] The First Buddhist council was convened in the year following the Buddha's Parinibbana, which is 543-542 BCE according to Theravada tradition, at various earlier dates according to certain Mahayana traditions, and various later dates according to certain Western estimates. According to late commentarial accounts, King Ajatashatru sponsored the council. Tradition holds that the Council was held in a hall erected by Ajatashatru outside the Sattaparnaguha (Pali: Sattapanniguha) or Saptaparni Cave in Rajgir, three months after the Buddha had attained "Parinibbhana" (i.e. died). Detailed accounts of the council can be found in the Khandhaka sections of the canonical Vinayas. According to this record the incident which prompted the Elder Mahakassapa to call this meeting was his hearing a disparaging remark about the strict rule of life for monks. The monk Subhadda, who had ordained late in life, upon hearing that the Buddha had expired, voiced his resentment at having to abide by all the rules for monks laid down by the Buddha. Many monks lamented the passing of the Buddha and were deeply grieved but Subhadda spoke up to show happiness and relief that Buddha was gone.

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