SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-2

  • question_answer
    Each grade in Mansabdari system had two aspects to it, Zat (personal) and Sawar (cavalryman). Which of the following statements correctly describes their significance?

    A)  The Sawars a person was required to maintain depended on his Zat

    B)  The Zat of a person was determined by the number of Sawars he was required to maintain

    C)  Zat fixed the personal status of a person and his salary, while Sawar rank indicated the number of cavalrymen he was required to maintain.

    D)  A Mansabdar was required to maintain as many Sawars as indicated by his Zat rank.

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    [b] Mansabdari system was the generic term for the military -type grading of all imperial officials of the Mughal Empire. The mansabdars governed the empire and commanded its armies in the emperor's name. Though they were usually aristocrats, they did not form a feudal aristocracy, for neither the offices nor the estates that supported them were hereditary. There were 33 categories of mansabdars. The Mansabdars were differentiated by the Zat and the Sawar Rank. The Zat referred to rank maintained by the mansabdar and the Sawar referred to the number of horseman maintained by the mansabdar. It was dependent on whether the king ordered the mansabdar to maintain more horses than his rank. Instituted by the Mughal emperor Akbar, mansabdari was a system common to both the military and the civil department. Basically the Mansabdari system was borrowed from Persia. It was prevalent during the reign of Babur and Humayun. Akbar made some important changes to the system and made it more efficient. Mansabdar was referred to as the official, rank, or the dignity.

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