SSC Ecology And Environment Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-2

  • question_answer
    More than half of the earth's flora and fauna is found in

    A)  Tropical rain forests

    B)  Mountain temperate forests

    C)  Deciduous forests

    D)  Alpine forests

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

    [a] Tropical rainforests exhibit a vast diversity in plant and animal species. Around 40% to 75% of all biotic species are indigenous to the rainforests. Rainforests are home to half of all the living animal and plant species on the planet. Two-thirds of all flowering plants can be found in rainforests. A single hectare of rainforest may contain 42,000 different species of insect, up to 807 trees of 313 species and 1,500 species of higher plants. Tropical rainforests have been called the "world's largest pharmacy", because over one quarter of natural medicines have been discovered within them. It is likely that there may be many millions of species of plants, insects and microorganisms still undiscovered in tropical rainforests.

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