SSC General Science & Technology Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-2

  • question_answer
    Patients who excrete large quantities of sodium in the urine have:

    A)  Diseased adrenal medulla

    B)  Defective cells lining the villi of ileum that fail to reabsorb \[No+\]

    C)  Diseased adrenal cortex

    D)  Erratic renal threshold for \[N{{a}^{+}}\]

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    [c] Adrenal insufficiency is a condition in which the adrenal glands do not produce adequate amounts of steroid hormones, primarily cortisol; but may also include impaired production of aldosterone (a mineralocorticoid), which regulates sodium conservation, potassium secretion, and water retention. Craving for salt or salty foods due to the urinary losses of sodium is common.

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