|Which of the following is/are included in the Aichi Biodiversity targets?|
|1. By 2020, at least 17% of Terrestrial and inland water and 10% of coastal and marine areas should be conserved through effective and equitable management.|
|2. By 2020, restoration of at least 15% of degraded ecosystems.|
|3. By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.|
|4. Ensure special efforts to reduce pressure on the coral reefs.|
|Select the correct answer using the codes given below.|
A) 1 and 2
B) 2 and 3
C) 1 and 4
D) All of these
Correct Answer: D
Solution :[d] The Aichi Biodiversity targets were adopted during the Nagoya Conference of convention on biodiversity in 2010. Functioning these targets encompass various biodiversity conservation strategies and measures. The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 is a ten-year framework for action by all countries and stakeholders to save biodiversity and enhance its benefits for people it is comprised of a shared vision, a mission, strategic goals and 20 ambitious yet achievable targets, collectively known as the Aichi Targets. Some of the targets are as follows: By 2020, at Feast 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well-connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscape and seascapes. By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, inclulding restoration. At least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification. By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced. By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic perssures on coral reefs and other valnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimised, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning. So, all of the statements are correct.
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