|Consider the following statements regarding Permanent Settlement in Bengal introduced by Lord Cornwallis in 1793.|
|1. The zamindars power of keeping the armed forces was taken back and they remained just the tax collectors of the land.|
|2. Put the ryots under the mercy of the zamindars.|
|3. Secured stable income for the company.|
|4. Made zamindars allies of the East India Company.|
|Which of the statements given above are correct?|
A) 1 and 4
B) 2, 3 and 4
C) 1, 2 and 3
D) 1 and 2
Correct Answer: D
Solution :[d] The Permanent Settlement of Bengal was introduced by Lord Cornwallis in 1793. It deprived the zamindars of the ownership of their land and put the ryots under the mercy of zamindars as the zamindar was free to collect taxes and also the zamindar had to pay ? of the tax to the British Government.
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