|Which of the following statement(s) regarding the Preamble to the Constitution is/are incorrect?|
|1. Preamble cannot be abridged by any Constitutional Amendment.|
|2. Values in the Preamble cannot be enforced in the courts.|
|3. Preamble ensures sovereignty of Parliament.|
|Select the correct answer using the codes given below.|
A) Only 1
B) 1 and 2
C) Only 2
D) 1 and 3
Correct Answer: D
Solution :[d] Statement I Is incorrect. The Supreme Court in Kesavananda Bharati case held that Preamble can be amended subject to the condition that no amendment is done to the basic features. Statement 2 is correct and values enshrined in the Preamble cannot be enforced in the courts, though the courts can look at the Preamble to understand the intent behind other provisions in the Constitution. Statement 3 is incorrect as the Preamble only declares the people of India to be sovereign and not the Parliament. Parliament is not sovereign and is limited in its powers by constitutional provisions. The right answers is thus [d].
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