|Conservation of biodiversity is quite necessary to maintain the ecological balance on the Earth. What are the correct statements among the following, regarding conservation of biodiversity?|
|1. In-situ conservations are done through protected areas as national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and zoos.|
|2. Ex-situ conservations are the technique of conserving species outside their natural habitat like botanical garden, breeding centres and conservation of wetlands.|
|3. IUCN states that it is essential to include atleast 10% of all ecosystems as protected areas a biodiversity is to be conserved in the long-term.|
|4. Tiger is the first animal to be protected through a National Programme in 1973.|
|Select the correct answer using the codes given below.|
A) 1 and 2
B) 1, 2 and 4
C) 3 and 4
D) All of these
Correct Answer: C
Solution :[c] Biodiversity to be conserved for the sustenance of ecosystem. In-situ or on the site conservation of biodiversity along with its natural habitat, it is called protected areas. Protected areas are national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, biosphere reserves, eco-sensitive zones etc. Ex-situ are the sites of conservation of biodiversity or any species outside its natural habitat like zoo, botanical garden, breeding centre, gene banks etc but conservation of wetland is an act of In-situ conservation. IUCN suggests to maintain 10% of all ecosystem as protected areas. Tiger was the first species to be protected through a National Programme 1973 followed by crocodile, rhinoceros, elephants etc.
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