|Consider the following statements about the architecture of Medieval Mosques.|
|1. The pulpit (mimbar) of a mosque is meant for the imam who leads the prayer.|
|2. The minaret or tower which was built for mere architectural purpose, later was utilised by 'muazzin' to call the followers for prayers.|
|3. The prayer hall pointed towards West of India.|
|Which of the statements given above are correct?|
A) 1 and 2
B) 2 and 3
C) 1 and 3
D) All of these
Correct Answer: C
Solution :[c] The large prayer hall of the mosque pointed towards Mecca, which is to the West of India. In the rear wall of the prayer-hall, the centre is occupied by a recess or alcove called 'mihrab', and indicates the direction of prayer (quibia). A pulpit (mimbar) at its right is meant for the imam who leads the prayer. A tower or minaret, originally intended for the 'muazzin' to call the faithful to the prayer, later assumed a mere architectural character. A gallery or compartment of the prayer hall or some other part was screened off to accomodate the ladies who observed purdah.
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