|Consider the following statements.|
|1. In recent times, the legislature has lost the initiative in policy making to the executive.|
|2. The policy laid down by the legislature finds expression through the laws made or resolutions passed by it.|
|3. In the developing countries, the executive has been even more influence in policy making than in developed countries.|
|4. In the developing countries, pressure groups have little influence or impact over policy making out due to their lack of coordination.|
|Which of the statements given above are correct?|
A) 1, 2 and 3
B) 1 and 4
C) 2, 3 and 4
D) All of these
Correct Answer: D
Solution :[d] The power of the legislature to formulate policy is real based as it is in the Constitution, but has lost out to the executive in recent times in a Parliamentary form of government. In the course of approving legislation, the Parliament performs by deliberating, scrutinising, criticising and publishing government policies and their consequences for the public on the floor of the house. Developing countries lack a strong bureaucratic base and the executive plays a larger role on policy formulation. It is because of greater concentration of power in government heads coupled with less responsiveness to policies and the legislature.
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