|Consider the following statements.|
|1. The hydrogen bomb is based on thermonuclear fission reaction.|
|2. The fundamental physics of the fission chain reaction in a nuclear weapon is quite different to the physics of a controlled nuclear reactor. Also, the two types of devices are engineered differently.|
|3. No industrialised nation has been able to meet even one-fourth of its total demand of energy from nuclear reactors.|
|Which of the statements] given above is/are correct?|
A) 1 and 2
B) Only 3
C) All of these
D) None of these
Correct Answer: D
Solution :[d] The hydrogen bomb is based on thermonuclear fusion reaction. A nuclear bomb based on the fission of uranium or plutonium is placed at the core of the hydrogen bomb. This nuclear bomb is embedded in a substance which contains deuterium and lithium. When the nuclear bomb (based on fission) is detonated, the temperature of this substance is raised to 10'K in a few microseconds. The high temperature generates sufficient energy for the light nuclei to fuse and a devastating amount of energy is released.
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