UPSC History The vedic period - Early vedic period, Later vedic period and sangam period Question Bank Vedic Period/Mahajanapadas/Nandas etc

  • question_answer Arrange the following Mahajanpadas moving from west to east in the correct order:
    1. Avanti
    2. Magadha
    3. Matsya
    4. Kosala

    A)  1234                           

    B)  1342   

    C)  1324               

    D)  1432

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    Mahajanapadas west to east are Avanti, Matsya, Kosala and Magadha. There were many states of the Aryans in North India, around the 6th century BC. These states were called the 'Mahajanapadas'. There were sixteen of such Mahajanapadas: Kasi, Kosala, Anga, Magadha, Vajji, Malta, Chedi, Vatsa, Kuru, Panchala, Machcha, Surasena, Assaka, Avanti, Gandhara and Kamboja.Literally Mahajanapadas means 'Great Kingdoms?. Before 'Budhism' rose in the country, these flourished in the north western parts of India. Aryans were seen migrating to the country. As per the Vedic texts, these Aryan tribes were know as the Janas. Later these Vedic Janas merged with Janapadas.Many of these became big political bodies. In the Budhist traditions, these kingdoms came to be known as 'Mahajanapadas'.


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