UPSC History The vedic period - Early vedic period, Later vedic period and sangam period Question Bank Vedic Period/Mahajanapadas/Nandas etc

  • question_answer
    Match list 'A' with list 'B' and choose the correct answer from the codes given below :
    List-I List-II
    [A] Hotri 1. Atharvaveda
    [B] Udgatri 2. Rigveda
    [C] Adhvaryu 3. Samaveda
    [D] Brahmana 4. Yajurveda

    A-1         B-3        C-4 D-2        

    A-2        B-3       C-1 D-4

    A-1         B-2        C-4 D-3

    A-2        B-3       C-4 D-1

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    Vedic (Shrauta) vajnas are typically performed by four Vedic priests, the hota, the adhvaryu, the udgata and the brahman. The Hotar, (priest), recites invocations and litanies drawn from the Rigveda. The adhvaryu is the priest's assistant and is in charge of the physical details of the ritual like measuring the ground, building the altar etc. mentioned in the Yajurveda. The udgatar is the chanter of hymns set to melodies (saman) drawn from the Samaveda. The brahman is the superintendent of the entire performance, and is responsible for correcting mistakes by means of supplementary verses invoking the visvedevas (pantheon of celestials or devas).        

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