JEE Main & Advanced Physics Thermodynamical Processes Question Bank Topic Test - Thermodynamical Processes

  • question_answer
    Direction: An ideal diatomic gas is confined in a cylinder A of volume \[{{V}_{0}},\] this cylinder is connected to another cylinder B with the help of tube of a negligible volume. The cylinder B is fitted with a movable piston which can be adjusted from outside. Initially, the piston is adjusted so that volume of B is the same as volume of A i.e., \[{{V}_{0}}\]. B is evacuated and the stopcork is opened so that gas expands and occupies the volume \[2{{V}_{0}}\]. [System is thermally isolated from the surroundings].
    Work done on the gas is [for n moles of gas]

    A) \[nRT\text{ }\ln \text{ }2\]

    B) \[-nRT\text{ }\ln \text{ }2\]

    C) \[nRT\]

    D) \[-nRT\]

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

    [a]During compression, process is slow so it is isothermal at constant temperature T.
    So, work done,
    \[W\,=\,nRT\,\ln \,\frac{{{V}_{f}}}{{{V}_{i}}}\,=-nRT\,\,\ln \,\,2\]
    This is the work done by the system on the surrounding, so work done by the surroundings on the system in nRT ln 2.

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