UPSC History Delhi Sultnat (Gulam, Khilji, Tughlak, Sayyed, Lodhi) Question Bank Medieval History

  • question_answer The Pandya Kingdom, in the deep southern India, was mentioned for the first time by Megasthenes. He has accounted that the Pandya Kingdom was:
    1. ruled by a committee of people.
    2. known for pearls.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    A)  1 only             

    B)  2 only

    C)  Both 1 and 2                

    D)  Neither 1 nor 2

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

     Megasthenes has accounted that the Pandya Kingdom was celebrated for pearls and it was ruled by women, which shows matriarchal influence in the Pandya society The caste-system of the Hindus affected the Muslims, especially the Indian Muslims. They continued to maintain divisions among themselves on the basis of their previous castes. Foreign Muslims were also divided among themselves on the basis of their different nationalities and birth. The Sultans and nobles kept slaves in huge numbers, provided education and gave them training and opportunity to rise in their lives so that many of them rose to the position of prominence in the state. Generally the Hindus were vegetarians and the Muslims were non vegetarians. Among the Muslims, the Sufis, or the people who were under their influence avoided eating meat.


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