UPSC History The Harappan Civilization Question Bank Indus Valley Civizlization

  • question_answer Evidence of trephination as a remedy for certain diseases comes from some of the following
    1. Lothal
    2. Harappa
    3. Burzahom
    4. Kalibangan
    Choose the right answer from the following combinations

    A)  All                              

    B)  1, 2 and 3                    

    C)  1, 3 and 4                    

    D)  2, 3 and 4

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    Trephination implies the surgical process of drilling holes in a damaged skull to remove any bits of bone from a fractured skull and then cleaning out the blood often pooling under the skull after an injury to the head. That trephination was known to the people of the Indus Valley Civilization, has been attested by the evidence from 3 sites, namely, Lothal, Burzahom and Kalibangan. At Lothal, a skull of a child of around 9-10 years, which had a squarish hole on the right temporal side, was found. Archaeologist Roy Chowdhury stated one skull obtained from Kalibangan in western India to be trephined as well. At Burzahom in Kashmir, a Neolithic skull also shows, quite convincingly, signs of being trephined.

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