UPSC History The Harappan Civilization Question Bank Indus Valley Civizlization

  • question_answer Consider the following statements:      
    1. The Harappan economy was based on agriculture.
    2. In Indus Valley Civilization, an elaborate drainage systems are found.
    3. In Indus Valley Civilization, sugajcane was unknown.
    4. In Kot-Diji, pre-Harappan settlement has not been found.
    Which of the above statements is/are correct?

    A)  1 and 2 only                

    B)  2 and 3 only                

    C)  3 and 4 only    

    D)         1, 3 and 4 only

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    The Harappan economy was not merely based on agriculture but also on trade. That commerce was important has been proved by numerous evidences, such as the dockyard m Lothal and the discovery of Mesopotamian inscriptions in Harappan towns. Mesopotamian literature also describes 'Meluha', which is believed to be the ancient name of the river Indus. Evidence of only some fruits like dates and melons are obtained and sugarcane was probably unknown to the Harappan people. Kotdiji implies 'pre harappan? and excavations there have revealed approximately sixteen levels of occupations, with the lowest ten of them dating   from the pre-Harappan settlements.

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