JEE Main & Advanced Chemistry The p-block Elements-II Question Bank Halogen Family

  • question_answer Chlorine reacts with sodium hydroxide under various condition to give [NCERT 1973]

    A) Sodium chloride

    B) Sodium hypochlorite

    C) Sodium chlorate

    D) All of these

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    \[\underset{(\text{dil}\text{.})}{\mathop{2NaOH}}\,+C{{l}_{2}}\,\xrightarrow{\text{Cold}}\,NaCl+\underset{\text{Sod}\text{. hypochlorite}}{\mathop{NaClO+{{H}_{2}}O}}\,\] \[\underset{(\text{conc}\text{.})}{\mathop{6NaOH}}\,+3C{{l}_{2}}\,\xrightarrow{\text{heat}}\,5NaCl+\underset{\text{Sodium chlorate}}{\mathop{NaCl{{O}_{3}}+3{{H}_{2}}O}}\,\]

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