UPSC Ecology And Environment Environment Question Bank Environment Management

  • question_answer
    Which of the following best describes/ describe the aim of 'Green India Mission' of the Government of India? (IAS Prelims 2016)
    1. Incorporating environment al benefits and costs into the Union and State Budgets thereby implementing the 'green accounting'
    2. Launching the second green revolution to enhance agricultural output so as to ensure food security to one and all in the future
    3. Restoring and enhancing forest cover and responding to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures
    Select the correct answer using the code given below.

    A) 1 only              

    B) 2 and 3 only

    C) 3 only              

    D) 1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    (i) The National Mission for a Green India was announced by the Prime Minister as one of the eight Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). It recognizes that climate change phenomenon will seriously affect and alter the distribution, type and quality of natural resources of the country. GIM puts the "greening" in the context of climate change adaptation and mitigation. Meant to enhance ecosystem services like carbon sequestration and storage (in forests and other ecosystems), hydrological services and biodiversity: along with provisioning services like fuel, fodder, small timber. (ii) Ref: India Yearbook 2016 page 338: Environment ministry has launched National Mission for a Green India through a consultative process involving relevant stakeholders, aimed at both increasing the forest and tree cover by 5 million ha, as well as increasing the quality of the existing forest cover in another 5 million ha. Hence only statement 3 fits.

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