JEE Main & Advanced Chemistry Nitrogen Containing Compounds Question Bank Critical Thinking Nitrogen

  • question_answer p-chloroaniline and anilinium hydrochloride can be distinguished by                                        [IIT-JEE 1998]

    A)                 Sandmeyer reaction      

    B)                 \[NaHC{{O}_{3}}\]

    C)                 \[AgN{{O}_{3}}\]             

    D)                 Carbylamine test

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

               (1) With \[NaHC{{O}_{3}}\]®                                       Anilinium hydrochloride is an acid salt and liberates \[C{{O}_{2}}\]from\[NaHC{{O}_{3}}\].                    But p-chloro aniline is basic not acidic it does not liberate \[C{{O}_{2}}\].                                          p-chloro aniline does not contain ionic chlorine to it does not give white ppt with \[AgN{{O}_{3}}\]

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