8th Class English Types of Sentence Kinds of Sentences

Kinds of Sentences

Category : 8th Class

*     Kinds of Sentences


Sentences can be divided into five kinds. They are the following:

1. Statement                                      (or Assertive Sentence)

2. Question                                         (or interrogative Sentence)

3. Command                                      (or imperative Sentence)

4. Exclamation                                  (or Exclamatory Sentence)

5. Optative                                          (or Optative Sentence)  


*       Assertive or Statement

An assertive sentence is a sentence that states a fact. Such sentences are simple statements. They state, assert, or declare something.  




  •   The logjam in the Parliament over various incidents of corruption has gone on for 11 days.
  •   India created history by recording their best-ever performance in Common Wealth Games with 101 medals.
  •   India emerged from the track and field events with five gold, two silver and four bronze medals.  

The above given sentences state a fact. Therefore, they are assertive sentences.  


*       Interrogative Sentence

An interrogative sentence is a type of sentence which usually asks a question and uses a question mark (?). They may ask for information or for confirmation or denial of a statement. They begin with a question word such as what, who, or how, or a helping verb such as do/does, can or would.




  • Which team beat Thailand to clinch the inaugural women's kabaddi gold in the Asian Games?
  • Did their apprehensions were genuine?
  • Are you eyeing the first rank in the engineering exam?

The above given sentences asks questions. Therefore, they are interrogative sentences.  


*       Imperative Sentence

An imperative sentence is the sentence, which expresses commands, advice, and suggestions. The second person 'you' is always addressed in the imperative sentences. It is generally hidden.  



  • Don't pluck flowers, as they enhance the beauty of nature.
  • Drink eight glasses of water daily, as it is very conducive to health.
  • Never tea se the poor and the weak. The above given sentences refer to order, advice, suggestion, etc.

Therefore, they are imperative sentences. Subject 'you' is hidden in these sentences.  


*        Exclamatory Sentence

An exclamatory sentence is a sentence that expresses strong or sudden feelings. It always ends with an exclamatory mark.



  • No, you cannot force me to go from here! (Anger)
  • I don't want to call you again and again! (Frustration)
  • India won 37 gold medals in the Common Wealth Games! (Happiness)
  • I can't find the correct answer! (Confusion)

The above given sentences express anger, frustration, happiness and confusion. Therefore, they are exclamatory sentences.

Following is the list of exclamatory words:

Wow! Brilliant! Awesome! Ouch!
Amazing! Bravo! Fantastic! Tremendous!
Sheesh! Hurrah! Alas! Magnificent!


*      Optative Sentence

The sentence which expresses wish, desire or pray is called an Optative Sentence.



  •  May God bless the poor!
  •  May this country be prosperous!
  •  May the baby live long!
  •  May God give wealth to him!
  •  Wish you a very Happy New Year!  

The above given sentences express wish, desire or pray. Therefore, they are called optative sentences.    




Identify the kind of sentence in the following questions:  


  The Programme was slated to begin at 6.30 pm.

(A) Assertive                                                     

(B) Interrogative

(C) Imperative                                                  

(D) Exclamatory

(E) Optative


Answer: (a)  



  May god bless you with first division in Board exams!

(A) Assertive                                                     

(B) Interrogative

(C) Imperative                                                  

(D) Exclamatory

(E) Optative


Answer: (e)    

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